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It is possible either permanently or transiently to deplete the rat striatum of dopamine. Following such depletions, striatal neurons immunoreactive for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) or dopamine appear. The presence of dopamine-producing neurons in the striatum has relevance for the treatment of Parkinson's disease,(More)
Morphologically distinct subsets of mesotelencephalic neurons were sought following retrograde transport of Fluoro-Gold from iontophoretic injections relatively restricted to the medial shell, core or rostral pole subterritories of the nucleus accumbens. The diameter and lengths of Fluoro-Gold immunolabeled dendrites of medial shell-projecting neurons were(More)
In conscious rats, we investigated the change of nociceptive paw withdrawal reflexes elicited by mechanical and heat stimuli during intramuscular (i.m.) 5.8% hypertonic (HT) saline elicited muscle nociception. i.m. injection of HT saline caused rapid onset, long lasting (around 7 days), bilateral mechanical hyperalgesia, while it induced bilateral, slower(More)
Calbindin-D 28kD is a calcium binding protein reported to protect neurons from degeneration by buffering intracellular calcium. It is expressed in midbrain dopaminergic neurons reported to be relatively resistant to degeneration in Parkinson's disease and certain of its animal models. Lesions of the nigrostriatal pathway produced in rats following injection(More)
The shell and core of the nucleus accumbens exhibit different vulnerabilities to neurotoxins. Calcium binding proteins are reported to offer some neuroprotection against excitotoxicity by suppressing or buffering intracellular calcium. Differences in the distributions of the calbindin-D 28kD (CB) and calretinin (CR) might be related to the different(More)
The muskrat, and aquatic rodent with a brisk and reliable diving response, shows a remarkable bradycardia after nasal stimulation. However, the medullary origin of cardiac preganglionic motoneurons is unknown in this species. We injected fat pads near the base of the heart of muskrats with a WGA-HRP solution to label retrogradely preganglionic(More)
Sex-associated differences in the perception and modulation of pain have widely been reported in humans as well as animals. The aim of the present study performed in conscious rats of both sexes was to systematically investigate the role of sex in endogenous descending controls of nociceptive paw withdrawal reflex during experimental muscle pain elicited by(More)
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