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Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is involved in obesity-induced insulin resistance. Since aging is accompanied by increased iNOS expression, the effect of iNOS gene deletion on aging-associated insulin resistance was investigated in 7-month-old (adult) and 22-month-old (old) iNOS knockout and wild-type mice using the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp.(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate whether the composition of carbohydrate or fat diet affects insulin resistance by measuring the muscle glucose transport rate. Both high-sucrose and high-starch diet with or without high-fat decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport, but there were no significant differences among groups. Calorie intake in both(More)
The present study examined the effects of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) deficiency on skeletal muscle atrophy in single leg-immobilized iNOS knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. The left leg was immobilized for 1 wk, and the right leg was used as the control. Muscle weight and contraction-stimulated glucose uptake were reduced by immobilization(More)
To evaluate whether MTII, a melanocortin receptor 3/4 agonist, is working in hypophagic and hypothermogenic obese model, we measured food intake, body weight, oxygen consumption, and fat mass following intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of MTII in monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced obese rats. MTII, or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF), was(More)
Females are more often affected by constipation than males, especially during pregnancy, which is related to the menstrual cycle. Although still controversial, alterations of progesterone and estrogen may be responsible. Therefore, this study was conducted in order to determine whether the female sex steroid hormone itself is responsible for development of(More)
It is known that repeated fasting and refeeding increase capacity of fat storage in adipose tissue as an adaptive response to fasting. However, the amount of weight gain in fasted/refed animals falls behind the control level in most rodent studies. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone that impacts on energy homeostasis, may be up-regulated by repeated(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the age-related NADPH oxidase (arNOX) activity in patients with age-related knee osteoarthritis (OA). Serum and cartilage arNOX activities were determined using an oxidized ferricytochrome C reduction assay. Full-thickness knee joint cartilages obtained through total knee replacement surgery were graded according(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia, a characteristic feature of diabetes, induces glucotoxicity in pancreatic β-cells, resulting in further impairment of insulin secretion and worsening glycemic control. Thus, preservation of insulin secretory capacity is essential for the management of type 2 diabetes. In this study, we evaluated the ability of an Orthosiphon(More)
Irregularities in the cellular uptake of thyroid hormones significantly affect muscle development and regeneration. Herein, we report indispensable role of transthyretin (TTR) in maintaining cellular thyroxine level. TTR was found to enhance recruitment of muscle satellite cells to the site of injury, thereby regulating muscle regeneration.(More)
Inhibition of CD36, a fatty acid transporter, has been reported to prevent glucotoxicity and ameliorate high glucose induced beta cell dysfunction. Ezetimibe is a selective cholesterol absorption inhibitor that blocks Niemann Pick C1-like 1 protein, but may exert its effect through suppression of CD36. We attempted to clarify the beneficial effect of(More)