Yong-Woon Kim

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Osteoblast apoptosis reduces bone mineral density. Apoptosis can be induced in a variety of cells by palmitate, which is one of the most common saturated fatty acids in dietary fat. The AMPK activator, AICAR, has been shown to inhibit palmitate-induced apoptosis. However, the role of palmitate in osteoblast apoptosis is currently unknown. This study(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation has an antiapoptotic effect in endothelial cells, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here, we investigated whether AMPK activation could inhibit palmitate-induced apoptosis through suppression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in bovine aortic endothelial cells. Palmitate increases ROS(More)
To evaluate whether MTII, a melanocortin receptor 3/4 agonist, is working in hypophagic and hypothermogenic obese model, we measured food intake, body weight, oxygen consumption, and fat mass following intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of MTII in monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced obese rats. MTII, or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF), was(More)
To evaluate whether metformin enhances leptin sensitivity, we measured leptin sensitivity after 4 weeks of metformin treatment (300 mg/kg daily) in both standard chow and high-fat-fed obese rats. Anorexic and fat-losing responses after intracerebroventricular leptin infusion for 7 days (15 microg daily per rat) in standard chow rats were enhanced by(More)
In the present study, we examined whether lipid infusion-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle could be reversed by the antioxidants tempol, glutathione (GSH), or tempol with GSH in male C57BL/6J mice via hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. Lipid infusion increased the mRNA level of mitochondrial type superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), glutathione(More)
AIM/HYPOTHESIS Cluster determinant 36 (CD36), a fatty acid transporter, was reported to have a pivotal role in glucotoxicity-induced beta cell dysfunction. However, little is known about how glucotoxicity influences CD36 expression, and it is unknown whether this action can be counteracted by metformin. In the present study, we showed that metformin(More)
The present study examined the effects of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) deficiency on skeletal muscle atrophy in single leg-immobilized iNOS knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. The left leg was immobilized for 1 wk, and the right leg was used as the control. Muscle weight and contraction-stimulated glucose uptake were reduced by immobilization(More)
The present study examined whether adiponectin can inhibit palmitate-induced apoptosis, and also the associated mechanisms and signal transduction pathways in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Cells treated with 500 μM palmitate for 48 h increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and induced apoptosis. Treatment with antioxidant(More)
This study examined whether IGF-binding protein 5 (IGFBP5) is involved in the high glucose-induced deteriorating effects in cardiac cells. Cardiac fibroblasts and cardiomyocytes were isolated from the hearts of 1- to 3-day-old Sprague Dawley rats. Treatment of fibroblasts with 25 mM glucose increased the number of cells and the mRNA levels of collagen III,(More)
We examined whether deletion of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) could prevent lipid infusion-induced insulin resistance in iNOS-knockout and wild-type mice with the in vivo euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp technique. Plasma NO metabolites were increased in lipid-infused wild-type mice, while they were not increased in iNOS-knockout mice. Plasma(More)