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The Escherichia coli RuvA and RuvB protein complex promotes branch migration of Holliday junctions during recombinational repair and homologous recombination and at stalled replication forks. The RuvB protein belongs to the AAA(+) (ATPase associated with various cellular activities) ATPase family and forms a hexameric ring in an ATP-dependent manner.(More)
The RecQ protein family is a highly conserved group of DNA helicases that play roles in maintaining genomic stability. In this study, we present biochemical and genetic evidence that Escherichia coli RecQ processes stalled replication forks and participates in SOS signaling. Cells that carry dnaE486, a mutation in the DNA polymerase III alpha-catalytic(More)
P1 ParA is a member of the Walker-type family of partition ATPases involved in the segregation of plasmids and bacterial chromosomes. ATPases of this class interact with DNA non-specifically in vitro and colocalize with the bacterial nucleoid to generate a variety of reported patterns in vivo. Here, we directly visualize ParA binding to DNA using total(More)
DNA segregation ensures the stable inheritance of genetic material prior to cell division. Many bacterial chromosomes and low-copy plasmids, such as the plasmids P1 and F, employ a three-component system to partition replicated genomes: a partition site on the DNA target, typically called parS, a partition site binding protein, typically called ParB, and a(More)
Escherichia coli RecA protein plays a role in DNA homologous recombination, recombination repair, and the rescue of stalled or collapsed replication forks. The mgsA (rarA) gene encodes a highly conserved DNA-dependent ATPase, whose yeast orthologue, MGS1, plays a role in maintaining genomic stability. In this study, we show a functional relationship between(More)
MuB is an ATP-dependent nonspecific DNA-binding protein that regulates the activity of the MuA transposase and captures target DNA for transposition. Mechanistic understanding of MuB function has previously been hindered by MuB's poor solubility. Here we combine bioinformatic, mutagenic, biochemical, and electron microscopic analyses to unmask the structure(More)
The Escherichia coli RuvA-RuvB complex promotes branch migration of Holliday junction DNA, which is the central intermediate of homologous recombination. Like many DNA motor proteins, it is suggested that RuvA-RuvB promotes branch migration by driving helical rotation of the DNA. To clarify the RuvA-RuvB-mediated branch migration mechanism in more detail,(More)
DNA transposons integrate into host chromosomes with limited target sequence specificity. Without mechanisms to avoid insertion into themselves, transposons risk self-destruction. Phage Mu avoids this problem by transposition immunity, involving MuA-transposase and MuB ATP-dependent DNA-binding protein. MuB-bound DNA acts as an efficient transposition(More)
Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is the major energy currency of all living organisms. Despite its important functions, the spatiotemporal dynamics of ATP levels inside living multicellular organisms is unclear. In this study, we modified the genetically encoded Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based ATP biosensor ATeam to optimize its affinity at(More)
Elucidating the dynamic organization of nuclear RNA foci is important for understanding and manipulating these functional sites of gene expression in both physiological and pathological states. However, such studies have been difficult to establish in vivo as a result of the absence of suitable RNA imaging methods. Here, we describe a high-resolution(More)