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As one of the most commonly abused psychotropic substances, ethanol exposure has deleterious effects on the central nervous system (CNS). The most detrimental results of ethanol exposure during development are the loss of neurons in brain regions such as the hippocampus and neocortex, which may be related to the apoptosis and necrosis mediated by oxidative(More)
As a common receptor for three myelin associated inhibitors, Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) mediates their inhibitory activities on neurite outgrowth in the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Therapeutic vaccination protocol targeting NgR emulsified with Freund's adjuvant (FA) has been used in spinal cord injury (SCI) models. However, the vaccine(More)
Chlorogenic acid (CA), is found in high abundance in the leaves of a number of plants and has antibacterial, antiphlogistic, antimutagenic, antioxidant and other biological activities. It reportedly possesses antitumor activity via the induction of apoptosis in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell lines, including U937 and K562 cells. However, the(More)
Regeneration in the central nervous system (CNS) of adult mammalian after traumatic injury is limited, which often causes permanent functional motor and sensory loss. After spinal cord injury (SCI), the lack of regeneration is mainly attributed to the presence of a hostile microenvironment, glial scarring, and cavitation. Besides, inflammation has also been(More)
As a low-affinity neurotrophins receptor, p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) is a transmembrane receptor involved in a diverse array of cellular responses, including apoptosis, survival, neurite outgrowth, migration, and cell cycle arrest, which may be related to some neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), schizophrenia, major depressive(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a dependence of spinal cord motoneurons on the communication with their targets, sciatic nerves, and investigate whether the effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) on the spinal cord neuron apoptosis and surviving through the regulation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) in Schwann cells (SCs) in(More)
In the injured adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS), the failure of axonal regeneration is thought to be attributed, at least in part, to various myelin-associated inhibitors (MAIs), such as Nogo, myelinassociated glycoprotein (MAG), and oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) around the damaged site. Interestingly, these three structurally(More)
As a new type of biomaterials, gold nanoparticles (GNPs), also known as colloidal gold (CG), have a wide biomedical application. In this study, GNPs with diameters of 10, 15, and 25 nm were prepared by sodium citrate reduction, and detected by common optical property, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorbance spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscope(More)
As a neurotropic substance, ethanol can damage nerve cells through an increase in the production of free radicals, interference of neurotrophic factor signaling pathways, activation of endogenous apoptotic signals and other molecular mechanisms. Previous studies have revealed that a number of natural drugs extracted from plants offer protection of nerve(More)
To select tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within and around human p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) gene in Chinese Han population, the sequence involving p75NTR gene as well as the upstream and downstream of the gene was identified according to the data from National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) GenBank database, and the SNP(More)