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The time-dependent effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on working memory was investigated by applying anodal stimulation over the left prefrontal cortex. This single-blind, sham-controlled crossover study recruited 15 healthy participants. A three-back verbal working-memory task was performed before, during, and 30 min after 1 mA anodal(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A, Botox) dilution volume and post-injection exercise with electrical stimulation on muscle paralysis. We injected 10 units of BTX-A diluted with 0.1 ml (B1, n=8) or 0.5 ml (B5, n=8) normal saline into both gastrocnemius muscles of 16 New Zealand white rabbits; two controls(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevation of serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is regarded as a specific marker of acute coronary syndrome. Serum cTnT can be increased in patients with acute ischemic stroke, but its clinical implications remain unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the relationships between elevated cTnT and stroke severity, location, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Leukoaraiosis (LA) is associated with aging and vascular risk factors, and is a risk factor of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after treatment with warfarin or thrombolytic treatment for ischemic stroke. In this study, we sought to examine whether LA is a predictor of outcome after spontaneous ICH. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed(More)
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