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Loss of the tumor suppressive effect of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been commonly found at later stages in carcinogenic progression. Although the genes encoding TGF-beta receptors and Smads have been found genetically altered in certain human cancers, no mutation in Smad3 has been observed. Therefore, suppression of Smad3 expression may(More)
We investigated anti-diabetic candidates and their mechanisms from the fractions of Chungkookjang (CKJ), a traditional fermented unsalted soybean, by investigating insulin signaling, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma activity and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, in vitro. Cooked soybeans (CSB) and CKJ, fermented predominantly with(More)
AIM This study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of bee venom (BV) in a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD). METHOD MPTP was administered by intraperitoneal (IP) injection at 2-hr intervals over an 8-hr period. Mice were then subjected to BV subcutaneous injection and(More)
The antimicrobial effect of linolenic acid with or without monoglyceride (glycerol laurate or glycerol myristate) against six food-borne microorganisms was determined in broth medium. Minimum inhibitory concentration of linolenic acid on Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus was 20 and 50 ppm, respectively. The growth of B. cereus treated with linolenic(More)
In the present study, we investigated the influences of a high fat diet (HD) fed for 12 weeks, on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme using 4-hydroxy-2E-nonenal (HNE)-modified proteins (HNE-mp) and Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) in the hippocampal CA1 region (CA1) in C57BL/6N and C3H/HeN mice. Body weights and body weight gains were significantly(More)
Lactic acid bacteria were screened from feces of newborn baby and from dongchimi. Selection criteria employed included the ability of strains to withstand environmental conditions such as low pH, high bile concentration, and oxygen. The isolates were applied to the juice of various vegetables, and fermentabilities of isolates were compared. Strains F20-3,(More)
The present study examined the inhibitory effect of aqueous extract from the gall of Rhus chinensis (AEGRC) on alpha-glucosidase activity, an enzyme responsible for digestion of carbohydrate to monosaccharides in the process of intestinal absorption. AEGRC inhibited Bacillus alpha-glucosidase acitvity with an IC(50) of 0.9 micro g/ml. Its inhibition on(More)
Acupuncture, one of the Oriental medical therapeutic techniques that can be traced back at least 2500 years, is growing in popularity all over the world. Korea has continued to develop its own unique tradition of medicine throughout its long history, and has formed different types of acupuncture methods. The purpose of this review is to summarize clinical(More)
A RAPD-PCR (Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA-PCR) method was developed for rapid identification of Bacillus species, especially B. subtilis, B. licheniformis, and B. amyloliquefaciens, the most frequently isolated organisms from fermented soy foods such as Cheonggukjang, a Korean traditional food. A RAPD-PCR using a 10-mer (S-30) produced species specific(More)