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The microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) constitutes the major part of the total human microbiome and is considered to be an important regulator of human health and host metabolism. Numerous investigations in recent years have focused on the connection between the human microbiota and metabolic diseases such as obesity, type II diabetes and(More)
To investigate the potential usefulness of early macular ganglion cell–inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) measurement for detecting retinal ganglion cell damage in eyes with non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). Thirteen patients with NAION were examined within 1 month of visual disturbance onset and underwent spectral domain optical(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of hypotonic 0.18% sodium hyaluronate (SH) eye drops under the clinical settings of the dry eye workshop treatment guideline for mild dry eye disease (DED). METHODS This analysis included 60 patients with DED. Patients with level 1 DED were treated with either isotonic 0.1% SH (group 1) or with(More)
This retrospective study was performed to analyze the long-term outcome of topical corticosteroid treatment for severe dry eye associated with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Patients who had severe dry eye associated with SS were topically treated with loteprednol etabonate 0.5% (group A, n=66) or fluorometholone 0.1% (group B, n=67) twice daily and were followed(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the changes of higher order aberrations (HOAs) before and after laser subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) and to analyze the influence of tear film instability on HOAs of the corneal surface after LASEK. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, 31 patients who underwent LASEK were divided into dry eye (16 patients, 32 eyes) and non-dry(More)
PURPOSE To compare the effects of ketorolac 0.45% and diclofenac 0.1% on macular thickness and volume after uncomplicated cataract surgery. METHODS A total of 76 eyes of 76 patients who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery were included. Patients were treated with either diclofenac 0.1% (38 eyes) or ketorolac 0.45% (38 eyes) after surgery. The macular(More)
PURPOSE To investigate clinical factors associated with abnormal retinal morphologies in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS One-hundred-thirty patients with pSS who underwent immunoserological tests, minor salivary gland biopsies, and optical coherence tomography examinations were retrospectively analyzed. Risk factors for abnormally(More)
To report a case of keratitis caused by Providencia alcalifaciens. A 70-year-old man presented with pain, redness, and decreased vision in both of his eyes. On initial presentation, the visual acuity in both of his eyes was hand motion, and slit lamp examination showed diffuse infiltrates and total epithelial defects of the cornea, conjunctival hyperemia,(More)
PURPOSE To report a rare case of bilateral ocular toxocariasis with a different clinical presentation in each eye. CASE REPORT A 56-year-old man presented with severe ocular pain and acute visual loss in the right eye (RE). His best-corrected visual acuity was hand motion in the RE and 20/30 in the left eye (LE). Slit-lamp examination showed a severe(More)
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to evaluate the factors associated with development of parafoveal scotoma in early myopic normal tension glaucoma (NTG).Patients and methodsNinety-nine myopic NTG patients with mean deviation (MD) >-6.0 decibels (dB) were enrolled. Parafoveal scotoma was defined as a visual field (VF) defect within 10° of fixation with at(More)