Yong Sik Kim

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The aim of this study was to produce dopaminergic neurons in vitro from human embryonic stem (hES) cells following treatment of various neurotrophic factors. MB03 hES cells were induced by retinoic acid (RA) or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), which were further treated with brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) or transforming growth factor(More)
Recent studies have suggested the involvement of Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) in pathogenesis and treatment target of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, which led to consider GSK-3 beta as one of the candidate genes for those disorders. However, the association analysis between GSK-3 beta and either schizophrenia or bipolar disorder is yet(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) was recently suggested to be a potential target of psychotropics used in psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Relevant studies have found that antipsychotic drugs regulate GSK3 activity via an increase in either inhibitory serine phosphorylation or amount of GSK3 after acute or subchronic(More)
OBJECTIVE Inadequate response to clozapine poses a substantial problem in the pharmaco-therapy of refractory schizophrenia. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole augmentation in clozapine-treated patients with refractory schizophrenia. METHOD Patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia who had a(More)
Early growth response (EGR) genes play critical roles in signal transduction in the brain, which is involved in neuronal activation, brain development, and synaptic plasticity. EGR genes, including EGR2, EGR3, and EGR4, showed significant association with schizophrenia in Japanese schizophrenic pedigrees. In particular, EGR3, which resides at the(More)
The Wnt signal transduction pathway plays an important role in organogenesis and carcinogenesis. In an effort to better understand the action of oxidative stress-induced cellular signaling, we investigate the effect of exogenous H2O2 on the Wnt signal pathway. H2O2 decreases the amount of nuclear beta-catenin and Tcf/Lef-dependent transcription.(More)
Using a mouse model of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced Parkinson's disease (PD), this study investigated on the neuroprotective effects of acupuncture by examining whether acupuncture contributed to inhibiting microglial activation and inflammatory events. C57BL/6 mice were treated with MPTP (30 mg/kg, i.p.) for 5 consecutive(More)
GSK-3beta is regarded as playing an important part in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and the action of psychotomimetic agents. We observed phosphorylation of molecules associated with the GSK-3beta signalling pathway in the rat brain after MK-801 injection, which induces a schizophrenia-like state in humans. Ser9-GSK-3beta phosphorylation was increased(More)
Genes associated with circadian rhythms have been suggested to play an important role in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 3'-flanking region of CLOCK (3111T/C; rs1801260) has been reported to be associated with sleep disturbances and an increased recurrence rate in patients with bipolar disorder. We(More)
Voluntary exercise is known to have an antidepressant effect. However, the underlying mechanism for this antidepressant action of exercise remains unclear, and little progress has been made in identifying genes that are directly involved. We have identified macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) by analyzing existing mRNA microarray data and confirmed(More)