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Streptomycetes are filamentous soil-dwelling bacteria. They are best known as the producers of a great variety of natural products such as antibiotics, antifungals, antiparasitics, and anticancer agents and the decomposers of organic substances for carbon recycling. They are also model organisms for the studies of gene regulatory networks, morphological(More)
We used conventional methods to investigate the mechanism by which Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans colonizes a solid surface by assessing pili-mediated sliding, twitching motility, and adherence. A. ferrooxidans slided to form circular oxidized zones around each colony. This suggested that slide motility occurs through pili or flagella, though A.(More)
The roles of many sigma factors are unclear in regulatory mechanism of secondary metabolism in Streptomyces. Here, we report the regulation network of a group 3 sigma factor, WhiGch, from a natamycin industrial strain Streptomyces chattanoogensis L10. WhiGch regulates the growth and morphological differentiation of S. chattanoogensis L10. The whiG ch(More)
Streptomyces is a group of soil bacteria of medicinal, economic, ecological, and industrial importance. It is renowned for its complex biology in gene regulation, antibiotic production, morphological differentiation, and stress response. In this review, we provide an overview of the recent advances in Streptomyces biology inspired by -omics based high(More)
— Sigma factors play important roles in transcriptional regulation in bacteria. Streptomyces coelicolor, a soil bacterium which is best known for its production of a variety of antibiotics, possesses a sophisticated transcriptional machinery. Among 58 sigma factors identified in the genome, 44 are extra-cytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factors, which(More)
A novel needle-type biosensor based on carbon nanotubes is reported. Thebiosensor was prepared by packing a mixture of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),graphite powder and glucose oxidase (Gox) freeze-dried powder into a glass capillary of 0.5mm inner diameter. The resulting amperometric biosensor was characterizedelectrochemically using amperometry in(More)
Phosphopantetheinyl transferases (PPTases), which play an essential role in both primary and secondary metabolism, are magnesium binding enzymes. In this study, we characterized the magnesium binding residues of all known group II PPTases by biochemical and evolutionary analysis. Our results suggested that group II PPTases could be classified into two(More)
Fungal pathogens can be lethal, especially among immunocompromised populations, such as patients with AIDS and recipients of tissue transplantation or chemotherapy. Prolonged usage of antifungal reagents can lead to drug resistance and treatment failure. Understanding mechanisms that underlie drug resistance by pathogenic microorganisms is thus vital for(More)
Quorum sensing molecular γ-butyrolactones (GBL) are widely distributed among the genus Streptomyces. Their cognate receptors have been demonstrated to control secondary metabolism and/or morphological differentiation. ScgA is responsible for the biosynthesis of GBL in Streptomyces chattanoogensis. According to the genome-wide transcriptome analysis of the(More)
BACKGROUND Many insects feed on pollen surface lipids and contents accessible through the germination pores. Pollen walls, however, are not broken down because they consist of sporopollenin and are highly resistant to physical and enzymatic damage. Here we report that certain Microlepidoptera chemically dissolve pollen grains with exudates from their(More)