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A nonlinear finite element model was developed to investigate the biomechanics of indentation, particularly the influence of friction and large deformation on the calculation of the effective Young's modulus from the cylindrical, flat-ended indentation test of soft tissues. A new kappa table was given for calculation of the effective Young's modulus to(More)
An ultrasound indentation system with a pen-size hand-held probe was developed and used to obtain the effective Young's moduli of forearm and lower limb soft tissues in 12 subjects. Since the probe is manually driven, the alignment of the probe and control of the rate of indentation are parameters upon which the results obtained depend. This paper addresses(More)
  • Y Zheng, A F Mak
  • 1999
Quantitative assessment of the biomechanical properties of limb soft tissues has become more important during the last decade because of the introduction of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and finite element analysis to the prosthetic socket design. Because of the lack of a clinically easy-to-use apparatus, the site and(More)
Fibrotic change in the soft tissue of the neck is a common side-effect after radiotherapy treatment for cancers of the head and neck region. The development of a quantitative approach for the assessment of neck tissue stiffness using an ultrasound palpation system (UPS) is reported. A testing protocol was established with the participation of eight normal(More)
In this study we simultaneously collected ultrasound images, EMG, MMG from the rectus femoris (RF) muscle and torque signal from the leg extensor muscle group of nine male subjects (mean±SD, age=30.7±.4.9 years; body weight=67.0±8.4kg; height=170.4±6.9cm) during step, ramp increasing, and decreasing at three different rates (50%, 25% and 17% MVC/s). The(More)
An ultrasound indentation system for biomechanical assessment of soft tissues in vivo was developed. The pen-size, hand-held probe was composed of an ultrasound transducer and a load cell. The ultrasound transducer was at the tip of the probe serving also as the indentor. The thickness and deformation of the soft tissue layer were determined from the(More)
A manual indentation protocol was established to assess the quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) properties of lower limb soft tissues. The QLV parameters were extracted using a curve-fitting procedure on the experimental indentation data. The load-indentation responses were obtained using an ultrasound indentation apparatus with a hand-held pen-sized probe.(More)
The aim of this study was to compare sensitivity of ultrasound and optical coherence tomography (OCT) techniques for the evaluation of the integrity of spontaneously repaired horse cartilage. Articular surfaces of horse intercarpal joints, featuring both intact tissue and spontaneously healed chondral or osteochondral defects, were imaged ex vivo with(More)
Research in elasticity imaging typically relies on 1-10 MHz ultrasound. Elasticity imaging at these frequencies can provide strain maps with a resolution in the order of millimetres, but this is not sufficient for applications to skin, articular cartilage or other fine structures. We developed a prototype high resolution elastomicroscopy system consisting(More)
The equilibrium depth-dependent biomechanical properties of articular cartilage were measured using an ultrasound-compression method. Ten cylindrical bovine patella cartilage-bone specimens were tested in compression followed by a period of force-relaxation. A 50 MHz focused ultrasound beam was transmitted into the cartilage specimen through a remaining(More)