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Acupuncture is an invasive procedure commonly used to relieve pain. Acupuncture is practiced worldwide, despite difficulties in reconciling its principles with evidence-based medicine. We found that adenosine, a neuromodulator with anti-nociceptive properties, was released during acupuncture in mice and that its anti-nociceptive actions required adenosine(More)
Microglia are integral functional elements of the central nervous system, but the contribution of these cells to the structural integrity of the neurovascular unit has not hitherto been assessed. We show here that following blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, P2RY12 (purinergic receptor P2Y, G-protein coupled, 12)-mediated chemotaxis of microglia processes(More)
The lowest-energy structure of thiolate-group-protected Au38(SR)24 is with ab initio computations. A unique bi-isocahedral Au23 core is predicted for the Au38(SR)24 cluster, consistent with recent experimental and theoretical confirmation of the icosahedral Au13 core for the [Au25(SR)18]- cluster. The computed optical absorption spectrum and X-ray(More)
The precise atomic structure of the recently synthesized "magic cluster" Au(20)(SR)(16) is predicted using ab initio calculations and global-minimum searches. The cluster contains a prolate Au(8) core and four level-3 extended staple motifs (-RS-Au-RS-Au-RS-Au-RS-). The simulated optical absorption spectra of the lowest-energy structures are in good(More)
We design two network models of carbon and boron nitride crystalline networks, namely, the honeycomb and triangular foams. The triangular carbon foam is a unique 3D network model of carbon which contains only sp(2)-carbon bonds. Also, it has large internal surface area per unit volume and bulk modulus.
Unlike bulk materials, the physicochemical properties of nano-sized metal clusters can be strongly dependent on their atomic structure and size. Over the past two decades, major progress has been made in both the synthesis and characterization of a special class of ligated metal nanoclusters, namely, the thiolate-protected gold clusters with size less than(More)
We study the catalytic capability of unsupported single-walled helical gold nanotubes Au(5,3) by using density functional theory. We use the CO oxidation as a benchmark probe to gain insights into high catalytic activity of the gold nanotubes. The CO oxidation, catalyzed by the Au(5,3) nanotube, proceeds via a two-step mechanism, CO + O2 --> CO2 +O and CO +(More)
Electric field induced switching behaviors of a series of low-density omega-carboxyalkyl modified H-Si(111) and the mixed omega-carboxyalkyl/alkyl covered H-Si(111) have been simulated by using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation techniques. The external electric fields may drive surface-confined molecules to reversibly change conformations between the(More)
Low-lying isomers of homoleptic gold thiolate clusters (AuSR)(N) (N = 6-12) are studied by using a global-minimum search method. Besides previously known zigzag crown structures for (AuSR)(N) (N = 6-12) and catenane structures for (AuSR)(N) (N = 10, 12), onset of a new structural family of double helical structures in small-sized gold thiolate clusters and(More)
Atomic structure of a recently synthesized ligand-covered cluster Au(24)(SR)(20) [J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2010, 1, 1003] is resolved based on the developed classical force-field based divide-and-protect approach. The computed UV-vis absorption spectrum and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) curve for the lowest-energy isomer are in good agreement with(More)