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Acupuncture is an invasive procedure commonly used to relieve pain. Acupuncture is practiced worldwide, despite difficulties in reconciling its principles with evidence-based medicine. We found that adenosine, a neuromodulator with anti-nociceptive properties, was released during acupuncture in mice and that its anti-nociceptive actions required adenosine(More)
During dermal injury and the associated trauma a number of compounds are released that can mediate the inflammatory response. Determining the cellular mechanisms that initiate the inflammatory responses to acute keratinocyte damage is important for understanding the regulation of epidermal inflammation. The recently cloned vanilloid receptor-1 (VR1) is a(More)
A second gene for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), PKD2, has been recently identified. Using antisera raised to the human PKD2 protein, polycystin-2, we describe for the first time its distribution in human fetal tissues, as well as its expression in adult kidney and polycystic PKD2 tissues. Its expression pattern is correlated with(More)
ADAMTS-4 (aggrecanase-1) is a metalloprotease that plays a role in aggrecan degradation in the cartilage extracellular matrix. In order to understand the regulation of ADAMTS-4 gene expression we have cloned and characterized a functional 4.5kb human ADAMTS-4 promoter. Sequence analysis of the promoter revealed the presence of putative binding sites for(More)
Ultraviolet B light (UVB) causes cutaneous inflammation and cell death, but the agents responsible are not defined. These studies examined the role of the platelet-activating factor (PAF) signaling system in UVB-mediated effects. Expression of the PAF receptor in the PAF receptor-negative epidermoid cell line KB augmented apoptosis in response to UVB(More)
Aggrecan degradation in osteoarthritis is mediated primarily by aggrecanases (−1 and −2) that are members of the ADAMTS family of proteases. Aggrecanase-2 (ADAMTS-5) null mice are resistant to aggrecan degradation in models of experimentally-induced osteoarthritis. In order to analyze ADAMTS-5 gene expression at the transcriptional level, we have cloned a(More)
Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolases are a family of specialized phospholipase A2 enzymes. They serve an anti-inflammatory function by converting the proinflammatory autocoid, PAF, into biologically inactive lyso-PAF, by the removal of the sn-2 acetyl group of this glycerophospholipid. Similarly, platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolases can also(More)
Microglia are integral functional elements of the central nervous system, but the contribution of these cells to the structural integrity of the neurovascular unit has not hitherto been assessed. We show here that following blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, P2RY12 (purinergic receptor P2Y, G-protein coupled, 12)-mediated chemotaxis of microglia processes(More)
Most chemotherapeutic agents exert their cytotoxic effects in part through the induction of apoptosis. In addition, many chemotherapeutic agents are potent pro-oxidative stressors. Although the lipid mediator platelet-activating factor (PAF) is synthesized in response to oxidative stress, and many epidermal carcinomas express PAF receptors, it is not known(More)
We performed a comprehensive study of catalytic activities of subnanometer Au clusters supported on TiO2(110) surface (Aun/TiO2, n = 1-4, 7, 16-20) by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations and microkinetics analysis. The creditability of the chosen DFT/microkienetics methodologies was demonstrated by the very good agreement between predicted(More)