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Keywords: Applications in subject areas Interactive learning environments Multimedia/hypermedia systems a b s t r a c t English vocabulary learning and ubiquitous learning have separately received considerable attention in recent years. However, research on English vocabulary learning in ubiquitous learning contexts has been less studied. In this study, we(More)
Mechanisms of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM)-induced lower oxidative burst of host plants under drought stress (DS) are not elucidated. A noninvasive microtest technology (NMT) was used to investigate the effects of Funneliformis mosseae on net fluxes of root hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and calcium ions (Ca2+) in 5-month-old Poncirus trifoliata, in combination(More)
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Trifoliate orange [Poncirus trifoliata (L) Raf.] is considered highly arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) dependent for growth responses through a series of signal transductions in form of various physiological responses. The proposed study was carried out to evaluate the effect of an AM fungus (Funneliformis mosseae) on growth, antioxidant enzyme (catalase, CAT;(More)
Proline accumulation was often correlated with drought tolerance of plants infected by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), whereas lower proline in some AM plants including citrus was also found under drought stress and the relevant mechanisms have not been fully elaborated. In this study proline accumulation and activity of key enzymes relative to proline(More)
Wireless sensor networks have received a lot of attention in recent years due to their wide spectrum of applications. Localization a technique used in ubiquitous sensor networks. Most localization techniques apply RSSI-based ranging techniques to compute the location of the object in a wireless sensor network. However, a wireless sensor network is a(More)
Wireless sensor networks receive much attention in these few years due to its wide spectrum of applications. Localization is one of the significant techniques in the ubiquitous sensor networks, and most localization techniques nowadays apply RSSI-based ranging techniques to compute the location of the object in wireless sensor network. However, a wireless(More)