Yong Kyoo Shin

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Anandamide, the ethanolamide of arachidonic acid, is an endogenous cannabinoid. It is an agonist at CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors as well as the vanilloid receptor, VR1. It is analgesic in inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Both central and peripheral mechanisms are considered to participate in its analgesia. Primary sensory neurons express Na+ currents(More)
The effects of arachidonic acid on tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) sodium currents in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons were assessed using the whole-cell patch-clamp method. Both sodium currents were modulated in a similar way by extracellular application of arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid increased the currents at lower(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological factor of pulmonary tuberculosis, causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Activation of host immune responses for containment of mycobacterial infections involves participation of innate immune cells, such as dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, we demonstrated that the gene encoding lipoamide(More)
This study was carried out to investigate the wound healing effect of caffeic acid in skin-incised mice. Caffeic acid showed significant effects on anti-inflammatory activity and wound healing, such as myeloperoxidase activity, lipid peroxidation, phospholipase A(2) activity and collagen-like polymer synthesis, in incised-wound tissue. On the other hand, it(More)
Ilex Rotunda Thunb has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In human keratinocytes, we investigated the effect of rotundarpene (4-caffeoyl-3-methyl-but-2-ene-1,4-diol) on the TNF-α-stimulated production of inflammatory mediators in relation to the Akt, mTOR, and NF-κB pathways, and the JNK and p38-MAPK. Rotundarpene, Akt inhibitor,(More)
d-pinitol has been demonstrated to exert insulin-like and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the effects of the maturation and immunostimulatory functions of dendritic cells (DC) remain to be clearly elucidated. In this study, we have attempted to determine whether d-pinitol regulates surface molecule expression, cytokine production, endocytosis capacity,(More)
Effective activation of dendritic cells (DCs) toward T helper (Th)-1 cell polarization would improve DC-based antitumor immunotherapy, helping promote the development of immunotherapeutic vaccines based on T-cell immunity. To achieve this goal, it is essential to develop effective immune adjuvants that can induce powerful Th1 cell immune responses. The(More)
The effects of diclofenac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), on the fast tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and the slow tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) sodium currents in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons were investigated using the whole-cell patch-clamp method. Diclofenac suppressed both sodium currents in a dose-dependent manner. The apparent(More)
Celecoxib is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor used in the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis with fewer gastrointestinal toxicities compared to traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Voltage-gated Na(+) channels in primary sensory neurons play an important role in the pathogenesis of various pain conditions. We(More)
The effects of various nucleotides on the fast tetrodotoxin-sensitive (f-TTX-S) and the slow tetrodotoxin-resistant (s-TTX-R) sodium currents in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were investigated using the patch-clamp technique. Nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs; ATP, GTP, UTP and CTP) and nucleoside diphosphates (NDPs; ADP, GDP, UDP and CDP) decreased(More)