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This paper reports a 45nm spin-transfer-torque (STT) MRAM embedded into a standard CMOS logic platform that employs low-power (LP) transistors and Cu/low-k BEOL. We believe that this is the first-ever demonstration of embedded STT MRAM that is fully compatible with the 45nm logic technology. To ensure the switching margin, a novel " reverse-connection "(More)
Brachypodium distachyon, is a new model plant for most cereal crops while gliadin is a class of wheat storage proteins related with wheat quality attributes. In the published B. distachyon genome sequence databases, no gliadin gene is found. In the current study, a number of gliadin genes in B. distachyon were isolated, which is contradictory to the results(More)
Additional resources and features associated with this article are available within the HTML version: • Supporting Information • Links to the 3 articles that cite this article, as of the time of this article download • Access to high resolution figures • Links to articles and content related to this article • Copyright permission to reproduce figures and/or(More)
The glossy varieties (A14 and Jing 2001) and glaucous varieties (Fanmai 5 and Shanken 99) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were selected for evaluation of developmental changes in the composition and morphology of cuticular waxes on leaves and spikes. The results provide us with two different wax development patterns between leaf and spike. The general(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the total quality management (TQM) practice and the continuous improvement of international project management (CIIPM) practice. Based on a literature review and qualitative interviews with TQM and project management experts, four hypotheses are posed on how TQM elements affect CIIPM. A(More)
Several experiments have shown that polystyrene (PS) films with thicknesses of h ≈ 2R G (where R G is the radius of gyration of the polymer) exhibited nonliquidlike behaviors even in the molten state. By measuring the surface spectrum of PS films subjected to different thermal annealing, we show that similar nonliquidlike behaviors can be produced if the(More)
Cuticular waxes play crucial roles in protecting plants against biotic and abiotic stresses. They are complex mixtures of very-long-chain fatty acids and their derivatives, including C20-C32 fatty alcohols. Here, we report the identification of 32 FAR-like genes and the detailed characterization of TaFAR2, TaFAR3 and TaFAR4, wax biosynthetic genes encoding(More)
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