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Sodium bicarbonate cotransporters (NBCs) are involved in the pH regulation of salivary glands. However, the roles and regulatory mechanisms among different NBC isotypes have not been rigorously evaluated. We investigated the roles of two different types of NBCs, electroneutral (NBCn1) and electrogenic NBC (NBCe1), with respect to pH regulation and(More)
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma cells, and beta-adrenergic or angiotensin II receptors in cortical astrocytes and/or ventricular myocytes, utilize the direct signaling pathway to ADP-ribosyl cyclase within cell membranes to produce cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) from beta-NAD+. This signal cascade is analogous to the(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) was originally found in sensory neurons. Recently, it has been reported that TRPV1 is expressed in salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC). However, the physiological role of TRPV1 in salivary secretion remains to be elucidated. We found that TRPV1 is expressed in mouse and human submandibular glands(More)
Purinergic receptors, particularly type 7 (P2RX7), are involved in apoptotic cell death. However, the expression and function of P2RX7 are suppressed in HSG cells. In the present study, we explored whether P2RX7 function is regulated by epigenetic alteration of the receptors in two different cell lines, HSG cells derived from human submandibular ducts, and(More)
Muscarinic receptors, particularly the type 3 subtype (M3R), have an important role in exocrine secretion. M3R normally function in HSG cells originated from human submandibular gland ducts, but not in A253 and SGT cells, derived from human submandibular carcinoma and salivary gland adenocarcinoma. However, the underlying mechanism of this suppression has(More)
Capsaicin (trans-8-methyl-N-vanilyl-6-nonenamide) is a unique alkaloid isolated from hot chili peppers of the capsicum family. Capsaicin is an agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1), which is expressed in nociceptive sensory neurons and a range of secretory epithelia, including salivary glands. Capsaicin has analgesic and(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) plays a key role in exocrine secretion, including salivary glands. However, its functional expression in salivary glands has not been rigorously studied. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern and regulatory mechanism of CFTR in salivary glands using immunohistochemistry, western blot(More)
In this study, we investigated purinergic receptor P2X7 and NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome expressions, and their role in head and neck cancer. We found upregulation of purinergic receptor P2X7 and all NLRP3 inflammasome components in biopsied head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues. Similarly, the expression of(More)
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