Learn More
The urinary bladder is innervated by parasympathetic preganglionic neurons (PPNs) that express μ-opioid receptors (MOR) in the sacral parasympathetic nucleus (SPN) at lumbosacral segments L6-S1. The SPN also contains endomorphin 2 (EM2)-immunoreactive (IR) fibers and terminals. EM2 is the endogenous ligand of MOR. In the present study, retrograde(More)
Ventilatory responses to CO2 or hypoxia were examined in rabbits during acupuncture anesthesia and compared with responses during pentobarbital anesthesia. The responses during pentobarbital anesthesia were significantly less than those during acupuncture anesthesia. The results showed that acupuncture analgesia was effective during performance of these(More)
  • 1