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Two neurotoxins, BmK I and BmK II, were purified from the venom of the Chinese scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch. The complete amino acid sequences of both toxins, each containing 64 amino acid residues, were determined by the automatic sequencing of reduced and S-carboxymethylated toxins and their peptides, obtained after cleavage with TPCK-treated trypsin(More)
2,3-Oxidosqualene:lanosterol cyclase (OSC, E.C. 5.4.99.7) represents a unique target for a cholesterol lowering drug. Partial inhibition of OSC should reduce synthesis of lanosterol and subsequent sterols, and also stimulate the production of epoxysterols that repress HMG-CoA reductase expression, generating a synergistic, self-limited negative regulatory(More)
A peptide toxin isolated from the Chinese scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK-PL) stimulated Ca2+-release channel activity in both triad membranes and reconstituted ryanodine receptors partially purified from rabbit skeletal muscle. In [3H]ryanodine binding experiments, the toxin increased the affinity of ryanodine for the receptor, from a Kd of 24.3 nM to(More)
The insect-selective neurotoxin (BmK IT) of scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch was first reduced and S-alkylated, and then digested by TPCK-trypsin and Staphylococcus aureus V-8 Protease. The enzymatic peptides were purified on TLC-plastic sheet and submitted to determine their amino acid compositions and sequences. The sequence of the 70 amino acid residues(More)
Two components F-2-7-4 and F-2-7-5, each composed of 28 amino acid residues, were purified from the venom of Buthus martensi Karsch by an opportune procedure with cation-exchange column chromatography and repeated HPLC. Both components were totally accounted to about 0. 88% dry weight of the crude venom. The molecular weights of both components were(More)
BACKGROUND BK channels are usually activated by membrane depolarization and cytoplasmic Ca(2+). Especially,the activity of BK channel (α+β4) can be modulated by martentoxin, a 37 residues peptide, with Ca(2+)-dependent manner. gBK channel (glioma BK channel) and BK channel (α+β1) possessed higher Ca(2+) sensitivity than other known BK channel subtypes. (More)
Martentoxin as a 37-residue peptide was capable of blocking large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels in adrenal medulla chromaffin cells. This study investigated the pharmacological discrimination of martentoxin on BK channel subtypes. The results showed that the iberiotoxin-insensitive neuronal BK channels (alpha+beta4) could be potently(More)
Iodination of fasciculin 3 (FAS3) from Dendroaspis viridis venom provided us with a fully active specific probe of fasciculin binding sites on rat brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Binding and inhibition are concomitant, as association and inhibition rate constants k1 and ki are identical. The 125I-FAS3.AChE complex dissociates very slowly (t 1/2 = 48 h)(More)
Martentoxin (MarTX), a 37-residue peptide purified from the venom of East-Asian scorpion (Buthus martensi Karsch), was capable of blocking large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels. Here, we report an effective expression and purification approach for this toxin. The cDNA encoding martentoxin was expressed by the prokaryotic expression system(More)
Suitable pattern and high yield were obtained when the reverse-phase performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was used to separate neurotoxins from venom of Chinese scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch. Using this technique, the venom was first separated to two main regions. The toxicity tests show that the insect-selective neurotoxical components are(More)