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The kelp Undariopsis peterseniana is warm-water-tolerant, and consequently, there is currently considerable interest in developing commercial cultivation techniques for this species in Korea. U. peterseniana plants have been successfully transferred to the northern coast of Korea beyond their original habitat in Jeju Island (33°30′08.65″N, 126°55′39.02″E).(More)
Structural modification and cellular adhesion inhibition activities of pyridazinone-substituted phenylalanine amide alpha(4) integrin antagonists are described. Functionality requirements for the arylamide moiety and the carboxylic acid group were demonstrated. The study also revealed novel structure-activity relationships (SAR) for arylated pyridazinones.(More)
BACKGROUND Autophagy is a homeostatic process for intracellular recycling of bulk proteins and aging organelles. Increased autophagy has now been reported in experimental models of traumatic brain injury, stroke and excitotoxicity, and in patients with Alzheimer's disease and critical illness. The role of autophagy in developmental epilepsy, however, is(More)
It has been reported that autophagy and zinc transporters (ZnTs) both play the key roles in excitotoxicity, which is associated with cognitive deficits following developmental seizures. However, the influence of autophagy on acute phase ZnTs expression has never been studied. The present study sought to investigate the contribution of an autophagy inhibitor(More)
Further optimization of the beta-aminoester class of factor Xa (fXa) inhibitors is described culminating in the identification of 9c (FXV673), a potent and selective factor Xa inhibitor with excellent in vivo anticoagulant activity. An X-ray structure of FXV673 bound to human fXa is also presented. Based on its selectivity, potent in vivo activity and(More)
The discovery and SAR of ketopiperazino methylazaindole factor Xa inhibitors are described. Structure-activity data suggesting that this class of inhibitors does not bind in the canonical mode were confirmed by an X-ray crystal structure showing the neutral haloaromatic bound in the S(1) subsite. The most potent azaindole, 33 (RPR209685), is selective(More)
A novel series of pyridazinone-functionalized phenylalanine analogues was prepared and evaluated for inhibition of cellular adhesion mediated by alpha4beta1/VCAM-1 and alpha4beta7/MAdCAM-1 interactions. Concise syntheses were developed and applied for exploration of structure-activity relationships pertaining to the pyridazinone ring as well as the N-acyl(More)
A series of aniline-substituted tetrahydroquinoline C5a receptor antagonists were discovered. A functionality requirement of ortho substitution on the aniline was revealed. Secondary anilines, in general, outperformed tertiary analogs in inhibition of C5a-induced calcium mobilization. Further enhancement of activity was realized in the presence of an ortho(More)
A series of N-carboxy, N-alkyl, and N-carboxamido azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane carboxamides were prepared and assayed for inhibition of alpha4beta1-VCAM-1 and alpha4beta7-MAdCAM-1 interactions. Potency and alpha4beta1/alpha4beta7 selectivity were sensitive to the substituent R1-R3 in the structures 6, 7, and 8. Several compounds demonstrated low nanomolar(More)