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Microsatellites are simple, tandemly repeated di- to tetra-nucleotide sequence motifs flanked by unique sequences. They are valuable as genetic markers because they are co-dominant, detect high levels of allelic diversity, and are easily and economically assayed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results from screening a rice genomic library suggest(More)
Here we report that the change from the red seeds of wild rice to the white seeds of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) resulted from the strong selective sweep of a single mutation, a frame-shift deletion within the Rc gene that is found in 97.9% of white rice varieties today. A second mutation, also within Rc, is present in less than 3% of white accessions(More)
Methylation events play a critical role in various cellular processes including regulation of gene transcription and proliferation. Recently, RUNX3 gene, one of TGF-beta-Smads signaling transduction pathway genes, showed strong tumor-suppressor activity by regulation of epithelial proliferation and apoptosis. To elucidate the potential etiological role of(More)
A single-seed DNA extraction method was developed for rapid identification of plant genotype. The method was applied to 12 plant species, including the oil seeds sesame and soybean. The results were comparable to those obtained for oil-less seeds such as rice. This method will be useful for genotypic selection which requires rapid screening of large(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Kruppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) is a zinc finger tumor suppressor gene that is frequently mutated in several human cancers and is broadly involved in differentiation and development, growth-related signal transduction, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the potential etiological role of(More)
There is evidence that deregulation of apoptosis is mechanistically involved in cancer development and somatic mutations of apoptosis-related genes have been reported in human cancers. BID, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, interconnects the extrinsic apoptosis pathway initiated by death receptors to the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. To explore the(More)
Evidence exists that deregulation of apoptosis is involved in the mechanisms of cancer development, and the somatic mutations of apoptosis-related genes have been reported in human cancers. Bcl-XL/Bcl-2-associated death promoter (Bad), a proapoptotic member of Bcl-2 family, plays an important role in the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. To explore the(More)
EPHB2 is a member of the Eph receptor tyrosine kinase family and a direct transcriptional target of beta-catenin/TCF. EPHB2 plays an important role in maintaining the correct positioning of the proliferative compartment in the crypt-villous axis. A loss of EPHB2 expression has been observed in human tumors, particularly in colonic adenomas and carcinomas. A(More)
Ras proteins control signaling pathways that are key regulators of several aspects of normal cell growth and malignant transformation. BRAF, which encodes a RAF family member in the downstream pathway of RAS, is somatically mutated in a number of human cancers. The activating mutation of BRAF is known to play a role in tumor development. As there have been(More)
We have obtained an overall gene expression profile of a human fetal liver by sequencing the 5′ ends of random cDNA clones from an unbiased cDNA library. As a result, many novel genes that might be related to liver growth and hemopoiesis have been identified. Poly (A)+ RNA was purified from the liver of a human fetus obtained at the 22nd week of gestation,(More)