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Molecular mechanics models have been applied extensively to study the dynamics of proteins and nucleic acids. Here we report the development of a third-generation point-charge all-atom force field for proteins. Following the earlier approach of Cornell et al., the charge set was obtained by fitting to the electrostatic potentials of dipeptides calculated(More)
Here, we report a 100 ns molecular dynamics simulation of the folding process of a recently designed autonomous-folding mini-protein designated as tc5b with a new AMBER force field parameter set developed based on condensed-phase quantum mechanical calculations and a Generalized Born continuum solvent model. Starting from its fully extended conformation,(More)
Recent works have shown the ability of physics-based potentials (e.g., CHARMM and OPLS-AA) and energy minimization to differentiate the native protein structures from large ensemble of non-native structures. In this study, we extended previous work by other authors and developed an energy scoring function using a new set of AMBER parameters (also recently(More)
The effects of solvation on the conformations and energies of alanine dipeptide (AD) have been studied by ab initio calculations up to MP2/cc-pVTZ//MP2/6-31G**, utilizing the polarizable continuum model (PCM) to mimic solvation effects. The energy surfaces in the gas phase, ether, and water bear similar topological features carved by the steric hindrance,(More)
Metal accumulation (quantified as body burden) and the responses of two biomarkers (metallothionein [MT] induction and superoxide dismutase [SOD] activity) in a freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna were quantified after being exposed to different concentrations of Cd and Zn for 3 d. The Cd and Zn body burdens increased with increasing exposure(More)
Based on the AMBER polarizable model (ff02), we have re-optimized the parameters related to the main-chain (Phi, Psi) torsion angles by fitting to the Boltzmann-weighted average quantum mechanical (QM) energies of the important regions (i.e., beta, P(II), alpha(R), and alpha(L) regions). Following the naming convention of the AMBER force field series, this(More)
Congo red has been used to identify amyloid fibrils in tissues for more than 80 years and is also a weak inhibitor to both amyloid-beta fibril formation and toxicity. However, the specificity of the binding and its inhibition mechanism remain unclear. Using all-atom molecular dynamics simulations with the explicit solvent model, we have identified and(More)
A central issue in the field of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is to separate the cause from the consequence among many observed pathological features, which may be resolved by studying the time evolution of these features at distinctive stages. In this work, comprehensive analyses on transcriptome studies of human postmortem brain tissues from AD patients at(More)