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Molecular mechanics models have been applied extensively to study the dynamics of proteins and nucleic acids. Here we report the development of a third-generation point-charge all-atom force field for proteins. Following the earlier approach of Cornell et al., the charge set was obtained by fitting to the electrostatic potentials of dipeptides calculated(More)
Recent works have shown the ability of physics-based potentials (e.g., CHARMM and OPLS-AA) and energy minimization to differentiate the native protein structures from large ensemble of non-native structures. In this study, we extended previous work by other authors and developed an energy scoring function using a new set of AMBER parameters (also recently(More)
Congo red has been used to identify amyloid fibrils in tissues for more than 80 years and is also a weak inhibitor to both amyloid-beta fibril formation and toxicity. However, the specificity of the binding and its inhibition mechanism remain unclear. Using all-atom molecular dynamics simulations with the explicit solvent model, we have identified and(More)
Reaching the native states of small proteins, a necessary step towards a comprehensive understanding of the folding mechanisms, has remained a tremendous challenge to ab initio protein folding simulations despite the extensive effort. In this work, the folding process of the B domain of protein A (BdpA) has been simulated by both conventional and replica(More)
The recently determined crystal structure of the human beta(2)-adrenergic (beta(2)AR) G-protein-coupled receptor provides an excellent structural basis for exploring beta(2)AR-ligand binding and dissociation process. Based on this crystal structure, we simulated ligand exit from the beta(2)AR receptor by applying the random acceleration molecular dynamics(More)
Here, we report a 100 ns molecular dynamics simulation of the folding process of a recently designed autonomous-folding mini-protein designated as tc5b with a new AMBER force field parameter set developed based on condensed-phase quantum mechanical calculations and a Generalized Born continuum solvent model. Starting from its fully extended conformation,(More)
The formation mechanism of an alanine-based peptide has been studied by all-atom molecular dynamics simulations with a recently developed all-atom point-charge force field and the Generalize Born continuum solvent model at an effective salt concentration of 0.2M. Thirty-two simulations were conducted. Each simulation was performed for 100 ns. A surprisingly(More)
The effects of solvation on the conformations and energies of alanine dipeptide (AD) have been studied by ab initio calculations up to MP2/cc-pVTZ//MP2/6-31G**, utilizing the polarizable continuum model (PCM) to mimic solvation effects. The energy surfaces in the gas phase, ether, and water bear similar topological features carved by the steric hindrance,(More)