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A hierarchical hematopoietic development with myeloid versus lymphoid bifurcation has been proposed downstream of the multipotent progenitor (MPP) stage, based on prospective isolation of progenitors capable of generating only myeloerythroid cells (common myeloid progenitor, CMP) or only lymphocytes (common lymphoid progenitor, CLP). By utilizing GATA-1 and(More)
The detection rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in Japan are very low (∼5%) compared with those obtained worldwide. Further, the current trend of these bacteria in Japan is not known, and few studies with longitudinal observations have been reported. To obtain epidemiologic data on ESBL-producing bacteria, their genotypic(More)
BACKGROUND The routine use of fluoroquinolone prophylaxis in patients with neutropenia and hematological malignancies is controversial. This prophylaxis has been reported to have a positive impact in reducing infection-related mortality, but the consequent development of antibiotic resistance has become a concern. This study assessed the effect of(More)
Subcutaneous (sc) rather than intravenous administration of bortezomib (Bor) is becoming more common for treating multiple myeloma (MM) because scBor results in lower incidence and severity of peripheral neuropathy and has equivalent efficacy. Bor is an irritant cytotoxic agent when it leaks out; therefore, it is recommended that injections of scBor should(More)
We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of the Capilia Flu AB rapid diagnosis kit for influenza that utilizes the immunochromatography method. Tested were 114 influenza like illness patients in the 2001/2002 influenza season. We used Capilia Flu AB and Infu A . B Quick, a rapid diagnosis kit based on enzyme immunoassay. As laboratory confirmation tests,(More)
To investigate HIV-1-related B cell disorders, the quantity of CD27 positive (CD27+) B cells and their CD38, CD95, and bcl-2 intensities were examined by flow cytometry analysis in 16 drug-naive patients, 27 highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-treated patients, and 20 uninfected controls. CD27+ B cells have been recognized as memory B cells. The(More)
Community-acquired infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, particularly CTX-M-producing Escherichia coli, are a rising concern worldwide. There are few data from Japan on the acquisition of ESBLs in the community or the influx of these bacteria into hospitals. Therefore, we examined the prevalence of ESBL carriage in(More)
To investigate age-related alterations in human humoral immunity, we analyzed the quantity and quality of peripheral B cell subsets, CD27-negative (CD27(-)) and CD27-positive (CD27(+)) B cells, by flow cytometry analysis in 54 aged individuals (mean age +/- SE, 74.6 +/- 0.7 years) and 30 young individuals (mean age +/- SE, 26.1 +/- 0.5 years). CD27(-) and(More)
Candida tropicalis is one of the most important Candida species causative of candidemia that is isolated from the blood of patients with hematological malignancies. Candidemia caused by C. tropicalis is known to be highly virulent in neutropenic patients. C. tropicalis has been shown to be favorably sensitive to azole agents in general. Here we discuss 5(More)
Type I interferon (IFN) possesses antiviral and antitumor activities and also having an immune regulatory effect, activating cellular immune response and upregulating several cytokines. Recent study has shown that type I IFN upregurates the dendritic cell production of IL-15 capable of activating natural killer cells and CD8+ memory T lymphocytes. However,(More)