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The Mediator complex of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for diverse aspects of transcription by RNA polymerase II (pol II). Mediator is composed of two functionally distinct subcomplexes, Rgr1 and Srb4. To identify the structures and functions of each subcomplex, we expressed recombinant proteins for each subunit and assayed their interactions with(More)
We have developed a two-dimensional (2-D) mapping of pyridylaminated oligosaccharides as an aid to structural determination of glycoprotein-derived oligosaccharides. Using the available data of reverse-phase HPLC of pyridylamino-oligosaccharides, this was further extended to parameterization of unit contribution by each sugar component, which allows the(More)
We have developed a simple and highly sensitive HPLC method for determination of cellular levels of sugar nucleotides and related nucleotides in cultured cells. Separation of 9 sugar nucleotides (CMP-Neu5Ac, CMP-Neu5Gc, CMP-KDN, UDP-Gal, UDP-Glc, UDP-GalNAc, UDP-GlcNAc, GDP-Fuc, GDP-Man) and 12 nucleotides (AMP, ADP, ATP, CMP, CDP, CTP, GMP, GDP, GTP, UMP,(More)
Sialic acids participate in many important biological recognition events, yet eukaryotic sialic acid biosynthetic genes are not well characterized. In this study, we have identified a novel human gene based on homology to the Escherichia coli sialic acid synthase gene (neuB). The human gene is ubiquitously expressed and encodes a 40-kDa enzyme. The gene(More)
Chemotaxis of the marine bacterium Vibrio furnissii to chitin oligosaccharides has been described (Bassler, B. L., Gibbons, P. J., Yu, C., and Roseman, S. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 24268-24275). Some steps in catabolism of the oligosaccharides are reported here. GlcNAc, (GlcNAc)2, and (GlcNAc)3 are very rapidly consumed by intact cells, about 320 nmol of(More)
The method of anion exchange chromatography followed by pulsed amperometric detection (AE-PAD; Johnson, D. C., and Polta, T. Z. (1986) Chromatogr. Forum 1, 37-44) has been applied to the compositional analysis of glycoconjugates. Using 22 mM NaOH as a column effluent, underivatized fucose, galactosamine, glucosamine, galactose, glucose, and mannose were(More)
The molecular mechanisms that initiate and control the metabolic activities of seed germination are largely unknown. Sugars may play important roles in regulating such metabolic activities in addition to providing an essential carbon source for the growth of young seedlings and maintaining turgor pressure for the expansion of tissues during germination. To(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dementia remains an exclusion criterion in diagnosing multiple system atrophy (MSA). This study aimed to determine the cognitive changes and brain atrophy patterns in the Parkinsonian (MSA-P) and cerebellar (MSA-C) variants of MSA. METHODS Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuro-psychological(More)
Isocyanate chemicals, including toluene diisocyanate (TDI), are currently the most common causes of occupational asthma. Although considerable controversy remains regarding its pathogenesis, TDI-induced asthma is characterized by hyperresponsiveness and inflammation of the airways. One of the histological hallmarks of inflammation is angiogenesis, but the(More)
N-Glycans from major glycoproteins of pigeon egg white (ovotransferrin, ovomucoid, and ovalbumins) were enzymatically released and were reductively aminated with 2-aminopyridine, separated, and structurally characterized by mass spectrometry and a three-dimensional mapping technique using three different columns of high performance liquid chromatography(More)