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PURPOSE To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the diffusion parameters measured by conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) for discrimination of malignant breast lesions from benign lesions and the normal breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study included 52 women with 55 breast lesions (30 malignant, 25 benign).(More)
Many diagnostic methods have been used to establish the diagnosis for a suspected H-type tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). In case of a strong assumption of an H-type fistula, besides all standard diagnostic work-up tools a more aggressive combined approach is advisable. However, in a critically ill premature infant, conventional invasive investigations(More)
Crossed pulmonary arteries (CPAs) are a rare abnormality in which the ostium of the left pulmonary artery originates superior to the right pulmonary artery and to its right. Recognition of this rare pathology is important because it generally is accompanied by other congenital heart defects, extracardiac anomalies, and certain genetic problems. To date,(More)
Crossed pulmonary arteries are rare anomalies of the pulmonary trunk and its branches. In this anomaly, the ostium of the left pulmonary artery originates superiorly and to the right of the right pulmonary artery. This anomaly is usually associated with other congenital cardiac and extracardiac diseases. We report three neonates with congenital cardiac(More)
Although several studies have been reported on the adult vertebral pedicle morphology, little is known about immature thoracic pedicles in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. A total of 310 pedicles (155 vertebrae) from T1 to T12 in 10–14 years age group were analyzed with the use of magnetic resonance imaging and digital measurement program in 13 patients(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to observe Liliequist's membrane (LM) and membranous structures located in the prepontine cistern via 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with 3D driven equilibrium radio frequency reset pulse (DRIVE) sequence and multiplanar reformat (MPR) images and to evaluate the success of endoscopic third(More)
The aim of this study is to examine the volumetric differences of the fronto-temporal region in the offspring of schizophrenic patients in comparison to normal. Twenty-six offspring of chronic schizophrenic patients aged between 8 and 15 years and 23 control children were matched with respect to cranial MRI. Chronic schizophrenic patients were reevaluated(More)
A 13-year-old male achondroplastic dwarf with fixed thoracolumbar kyphosis was treated by segmental pedicle screw fixation, posterolateral fusion combined with one stage two level posterior column resection. Preoperative and postoperative kyphosis angles were 97 and 32°, respectively. Combination of segmental pedicle instrumentation with posterior column(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary function tests are important in the diagnosis and follow-up of airway disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). Conventional spirometry for which repeated forced expiration maneuver are needed is considered as the main method. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a non-invasive method, which needs minimal cooperation. We performed a prospective(More)