Yolande E. Knight

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The periaqueductal grey (PAG) region of the brainstem is a known modulator of somatic pain transmission. Migraine is likely to be due to episodic brain dysfunction in pathways involved in the control of pain and other sensory modalities, such as light and sound. To investigate the influence of the PAG on pain transmission from intracranial structures, we(More)
It is considered that the site of action of the abortive antimigraine compounds acting at serotonin, 5-HT(1B/1D,) receptors (triptans) is the trigeminovascular system. We tested whether there is a non-trigeminal site of action. The 5-HT(1B/1D) agonist, naratriptan, was microinjected into the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG), and activity in the(More)
The discovery of mis-sense mutations in the alpha1A subunit of the P/Q-type calcium channel in patients with familial hemiplegic migraine indicates the potential involvement of dysfunctional ion channels in migraine. The periaqueductal gray (PAG) region of the brainstem modulates craniovascular nociception and, through its role in the descending pain(More)
1. The observation that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is effective in treating acute attacks of migraine when administered intravenously resulted in a research effort that led to the discovery of the 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor agonist sumatriptan. 2. Clinical experience has shown sumatriptan to be an effective treatment with some limitations, such as relatively poor(More)
The cranial circulation, both extracerebral and cerebral, is innervated by fibers from the trigeminal nerve. This system is known as the trigeminovascular system. The large venous sinuses and dura mater are pain-sensitive and are innervated primarily by branches of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve. Studies were conducted in the(More)
The novel neuropeptides orexin A and B are selectively synthesised in the lateral and posterior hypothalamus and are involved in hypothalamic regulation of autonomic and neuroendocrine functions. Recent findings point also to a role in nociception. As the posterior hypothalamus is involved in the central modulation of nociception we studied the effects of(More)
Patients with primary headache syndromes often describe a distribution of pain that involves both frontal and occipital parts of the head. Such a distribution of pain does not respect the cutaneous sensory innervation of the head which would divide it into anterior (trigeminally innervated) and posterior (spinal nerve root innervated) regions. Studies of(More)
The development and use of serotonin-1B/1D agonists to treat the acute attack of migraine has been a significant advance, but their vasoconstrictor effects have lead to a search for non-vasoconstrictor approaches to the management of the acute attack of migraine. One such suggested approach has been substance P (neurokinin-1) antagonists, since substance P(More)
Stimulation of the greater occipital nerve produces excitation of second order neurons in the trigeminocervical complex. Given that neck pain is very common in primary headache disorders, this convergent excitation may play a role in pain referral from cervical structures. While previous studies have demonstrated a physiological model for this convergence,(More)
Expression of Fos protein is an indicator of neuronal perturbation and is readily observed in the caudal medulla and the spinal cord following trigeminovascular nociceptive activation by electrical stimulation of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) in the cat. It has been shown in the rat that N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor blockade causes a reduction(More)