Yolande Aron

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 Chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) restriction site diversity was assessed by 21 enzyme/probe combinations in 30 accessions of six Lens species, including the recently recognized L. lamottei and L. tomentosus. A total of 118 fragments were scored and 26 restriction site mutations were identified. The cpDNA restriction pattern supports circumscribing L. lamottei and(More)
Smoking is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis. We compared tobacco smoke filtrate with benzo[a]pyrene (a prominent xenobiotic component of tobacco smoke) for the capacity to induce stress proteins and cause cell death in human monocytes and vascular endothelial cells, two cell types that are involved in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions.(More)
Polyethylenimine (PEI) is an efficient vector for in vitro and in vivo gene transfer into respiratory cells. Glycosylated PEIs were shown to enhance in vitro gene transfer by favoring the complex entry into the airway cells. The aim of our study was to evaluate the in vivo efficiency of gene transfer mediated by glycosylated PEIs in the mouse lung and to(More)
We have studied the cytoskeletal involvement in the cellular trafficking of complexes made with plasmid/PEI or plasmid/lactosylated PEI in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells). Complexes were incubated in the presence of cytoskeletal inhibitors, and the number of transfected cells was determined by flow cytometry. Complexes were(More)
BACKGROUND Although polycations are among the most efficient nonviral vectors for gene transfer, the gene expression they allow is still too low for in vivo applications. To engineer more potent polycationic vectors, the factors governing the intracellular trafficking of a plasmid complexed with current polycations need to be identified. METHODS AND(More)
Background As we have previously shown that lactosylated polyethylenimine (PEI) is the most efficient glycosylated PEI for gene transfer into human airway epithelial cells in primary culture, we have studied here the role of the lactose residue in the enhancement of gene transfer efficiency observed with lactosylated PEI as compared with unsubstituted PEI(More)
BACKGROUND As we have previously shown that lactosylated polyethylenimine (PEI) is the most efficient glycosylated PEI for gene transfer into human airway epithelial cells in primary culture, we have studied here the role of the lactose residue in the enhancement of gene transfer efficiency observed with lactosylated PEI as compared with unsubstituted PEI(More)
To identify the intracellular barriers to efficient gene transfer, we studied the intracellular trafficking of biotinylated plasmid DNA complexed with either fluorescein-conjugated lactosylated or mannosylated polylysine by confocal microscopy. Both are known to be taken up by cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells), but their gene(More)
The anti-ulcer drug geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) has been shown to induce the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs), in particular of Hsp70, in gastric and small intestine cells. In this study, we investigated whether GGA was able to induce Hsp70 in another cell type, human monocytes, which represent a well-established model of Hsp70 expression under(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic asthma is a multifactorial and probably multigenic inflammatory disease of the upper airways, and has been associated with the HLA class II alleles DR4 and DR7. Here we investigated possible associations with other polymorphic susceptibility/resistance genes located within the major histocompatibility complex, i.e., the genes coding the(More)