Yolande Aron

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BACKGROUND Although polycations are among the most efficient nonviral vectors for gene transfer, the gene expression they allow is still too low for in vivo applications. To engineer more potent polycationic vectors, the factors governing the intracellular trafficking of a plasmid complexed with current polycations need to be identified. METHODS AND(More)
Studying genetic factors that control human immune responsiveness may further our understanding of specific types of asthma in which the role of immune factors is uncertain to date. HLA Class II gene products are involved in the control of immune responses. Therefore, we investigated whether HLA Class II genetic markers contribute to susceptibility or(More)
Smoking is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis. We compared tobacco smoke filtrate with benzo[a]pyrene (a prominent xenobiotic component of tobacco smoke) for the capacity to induce stress proteins and cause cell death in human monocytes and vascular endothelial cells, two cell types that are involved in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions.(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic asthma is a multifactorial and probably multigenic inflammatory disease of the upper airways, and has been associated with the HLA class II alleles DR4 and DR7. Here we investigated possible associations with other polymorphic susceptibility/resistance genes located within the major histocompatibility complex, i.e., the genes coding the(More)
To identify the intracellular barriers to efficient gene transfer, we studied the intracellular trafficking of biotinylated plasmid DNA complexed with either fluorescein-conjugated lactosylated or mannosylated polylysine by confocal microscopy. Both are known to be taken up by cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells), but their gene(More)
 Chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) restriction site diversity was assessed by 21 enzyme/probe combinations in 30 accessions of six Lens species, including the recently recognized L. lamottei and L. tomentosus. A total of 118 fragments were scored and 26 restriction site mutations were identified. The cpDNA restriction pattern supports circumscribing L. lamottei and(More)
We have studied the cytoskeletal involvement in the cellular trafficking of complexes made with plasmid/PEI or plasmid/lactosylated PEI in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells). Complexes were incubated in the presence of cytoskeletal inhibitors, and the number of transfected cells was determined by flow cytometry. Complexes were(More)
The anti-ulcer drug geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) has been shown to induce the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs), in particular of Hsp70, in gastric and small intestine cells. In this study, we investigated whether GGA was able to induce Hsp70 in another cell type, human monocytes, which represent a well-established model of Hsp70 expression under(More)
Using a density gradient medium (Percoll) we succeeded in isolating homogeneous cell populations from the stromal-vascular fraction of the inguinal tissue of 3-day-old rats. In primary culture, in medium 199 supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum and 5.5 mM glucose, almost complete differentiation (90%) of these fractions was obtained for the first time in(More)
In preadipose cellular fractions (I, II and III) isolated by density gradient centrifugation from the inguinal tissue of young rats, we followed the activity of fatty acid synthetase, ATP citrate lyase and lipoprotein lipase during differentiation in culture. 1.5 nM insulin when added at confluence markedly induced the activity of ATP citrate lyase and(More)