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BACKGROUND As we have previously shown that lactosylated polyethylenimine (PEI) is the most efficient glycosylated PEI for gene transfer into human airway epithelial cells in primary culture, we have studied here the role of the lactose residue in the enhancement of gene transfer efficiency observed with lactosylated PEI as compared with unsubstituted PEI(More)
Smoking is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis. We compared tobacco smoke filtrate with benzo[a]pyrene (a prominent xenobiotic component of tobacco smoke) for the capacity to induce stress proteins and cause cell death in human monocytes and vascular endothelial cells, two cell types that are involved in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions.(More)
Evolution of lung damage is highly variable in cystic fibrosis (CF) even in patients with the same cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations. The analysis of genetic factors other than CFTR may help our understanding of genotype-phenotype relationships in CF. As human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II polymorphism has been(More)
BACKGROUND Atopy, with or without associated asthma, provides a useful model for evaluating the genetic factors that control human immune responsiveness. HLA class II gene products are involved in the control of immune responses. OBJECTIVES We investigated whether susceptibility or resistance to the disease was associated with HLA class II genes. (More)
BACKGROUND Allergic asthma is a multifactorial and probably multigenic inflammatory disease of the upper airways, and has been associated with the HLA class II alleles DR4 and DR7. Here we investigated possible associations with other polymorphic susceptibility/resistance genes located within the major histocompatibility complex, i.e., the genes coding the(More)
BACKGROUND Although polycations are among the most efficient nonviral vectors for gene transfer, the gene expression they allow is still too low for in vivo applications. To engineer more potent polycationic vectors, the factors governing the intracellular trafficking of a plasmid complexed with current polycations need to be identified. METHODS AND(More)
We have studied the cytoskeletal involvement in the cellular trafficking of complexes made with plasmid/PEI or plasmid/lactosylated PEI in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells). Complexes were incubated in the presence of cytoskeletal inhibitors, and the number of transfected cells was determined by flow cytometry. Complexes were(More)
To identify the intracellular barriers to efficient gene transfer, we studied the intracellular trafficking of biotinylated plasmid DNA complexed with either fluorescein-conjugated lactosylated or mannosylated polylysine by confocal microscopy. Both are known to be taken up by cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells), but their gene(More)
The anti-ulcer drug geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) has been shown to induce the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs), in particular of Hsp70, in gastric and small intestine cells. In this study, we investigated whether GGA was able to induce Hsp70 in another cell type, human monocytes, which represent a well-established model of Hsp70 expression under(More)
Studying genetic factors that control human immune responsiveness may further our understanding of specific types of asthma in which the role of immune factors is uncertain to date. HLA Class II gene products are involved in the control of immune responses. Therefore, we investigated whether HLA Class II genetic markers contribute to susceptibility or(More)