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The Open Provenance Model is a model of provenance that is designed to meet the following requirements: (1) Allow provenance information to be exchanged between systems, by means of a compatibility layer based on a shared provenance model. (2) Allow developers to build and share tools that operate on such a provenance model. (3) Define provenance in a(More)
This paper describes the Pegasus framework that can be used to map complex scientific workflows onto distributed resources. Pegasus enables users to represent the workflows at an abstract level without needing to worry about the particulars of the target execution systems. The paper describes general issues in mapping applications and the functionality of(More)
Artificial intelligence has progressed to the point where multiple cognitive capabilities are being integrated into computational architectures, such as SOAR, PRODIGY, THEO, and ICARUS. This paper reports on the PRODIGY architecture, describing its planning and problem solving capabilities and touching upon its multiple learning methods. Learning in PRODIGY(More)
In this paper we describe the Pegasus system that can map complex workflows onto the Grid. Pegasus takes an abstract description of a workflow and finds the appropriate data and Grid resources to execute the workflow. Pegasus is being released as part of the GriPhyN Virtual Data Toolkit and has been used in a variety of applications ranging from astronomy,(More)
In this paper we address the problem of automatically generating job workflows for the Grid. These workflows describe the execution of a complex application built from individual application components. In our work we have developed two workflow generators: the first (the Concrete Workflow Generator CWG) maps an abstract workflow defined in terms of(More)
Workflows have emerged as a paradigm for representing and managing complex distributed computations and are used to accelerate the pace of scientific progress. A recent National Science Foundation workshop brought together domain, computer, and social scientists to discuss requirements of future scientific applications and the challenges they present to(More)
Trust is an integral component in many kinds of human interaction, allowing people to act under uncertainty and with the risk of negative consequences. For example, exchanging money for a service, giving access to your property, and choosing between conflicting sources of information all may utilize some form of trust. In computer science, trust is a widely(More)
This paper describes an approach to derive assessments about information sources based on individual feedback about the sources. We describe TRELLIS, a system that helps users annotate their analysis of alternative information sources that can be contradictory and incomplete. As the user makes a decision on which sources to dismiss and which to believe in(More)
Scientific workflows are being developed for many domains as a useful paradigm to manage complex scientific computations. In our work, we are challenged with efficiently generating and validating workflows that contain large amounts (hundreds to thousands) of individual computations to be executed over distributed environments. This paper describes a new(More)