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PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of glaucoma in an adult population in rural central Tanzania. METHODS Six villages were randomly selected from eligible villages in the Kongwa district, and all residents more than 40 years of age were enumerated and invited to a comprehensive eye examination including presenting visual acuity, refraction, automated(More)
Human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) causes HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis and adult T cell leukemia in a small percentage of infected individuals. HTLV-I infection is increasingly associated with clinical manifestations. To determine the prevalence of clinical manifestations in HTLV-I infected individuals, we conducted a(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the degree of inner retinal preservation in the extramacular regions of postmortem retinitis pigmentosa (RP) eyes. METHODS Eighteen RP retinas and 11 age-matched healthy retinas were sectioned for morphometric analysis by light microscopy. The 18 RP retinas were classified by disease severity and mode of inheritance. Cell nuclei in the(More)
OBJECT Surgery on the pituitary gland is increasingly being performed through an endoscopic approach. However, there is little published data on its safety and relative advantages over traditional microscope-based approaches. Published reports are limited by small sample size and nonrandomized study design. A meta-analysis allows for a description of the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the ability of three diagnostic tests: frequency-doubling technology (FDT), scanning laser polarimetry (GDx), and nerve fiber layer (NFL) photographs to distinguish normal from glaucomatous eyes. METHODS Data were obtained in a cross-sectional, hospital clinic-based study, including one eye from each of 253 persons older than 40(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to copy and paste text within computerized physician documentation facilitates electronic note writing, but may affect the quality of physician notes and patient care. Little is known about physicians' collective experience with the copy and paste function (CPF). OBJECTIVES To determine physicians' CPF use, perceptions of its impact(More)
Through a novel, ambitious program called HEAL NY, New York State plans to invest $250 million in health information technology (IT) that can be linked electronically to other health IT systems. In contrast to high rates of closure by other organizations attempting health information exchange (HIE), 100 percent of HEAL NY Phase 1 grantees still existed two(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the progression of geographic atrophy (GA) from age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with respect to visual acuity (VA) loss and enlargement of atrophy. DESIGN A prospectively observed case series. SETTING Tertiary retinal referral center. PARTICIPANTS One hundred twenty-three patients with GA due to AMD who completed at least(More)
BACKGROUND Although electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) holds promise for preventing prescription errors in the ambulatory setting, research on its effectiveness is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of a stand-alone e-prescribing system on the rates and types of ambulatory prescribing errors. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS Prospective,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine eye care utilization patterns among older Americans, particularly characterizing those who sought different types of providers, and the predictive factors for seeking eye care services in general and among those with diabetes and those with visual loss. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS The SEE Project, a population-based survey of 2520(More)