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Various etiologic factors have been identified in tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), including allergic drug reaction, infection, and immune-mediated disease. Immune-mediated TIN without significant glomerular involvement has been reported to occur as a renal complication secondary to Sjögren's syndrome, lupus nephritis, and antitubular basement membrane(More)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is purified from fish oil, attenuates inflammatory responses by decreasing eicosanoid and cytokine production. EPA reportedly improves renal survival in patients with immunoglobulin (Ig)A nephropathy; however, this is unconfirmed. We studied the effects of EPA on IgA nephropathy patients. Eighteen biopsy-confirmed IgA(More)
We describe the case of a 51-year-old man with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and a 3-month history of facial edema. Laboratory tests upon admission for renal biopsy showed normal renal function and normocomplementemia. Serum HCV antibody (Ab) and cryoglobulin were positive. Renal biopsy specimens showed features of membranous glomerulonephritis. The(More)
BACKGROUND Gq-coupled receptors are known to transactivate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) via the Ca2+ and PKC pathways to phosphorylate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). METHODS We studied the involvement of EGFR in transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-mediated fibronectin (FN) expression using glomerular mesangial cells. (More)
In the development of diabetic nephropathy, angiotensin (Ang) II is thought to exert numerous actions on the glomerulus, and especially on the mesangium. However, the role(s) played by Ang II in the glucose metabolism per se in mesangial cells remains unclear. Ang II, at least via its type 1 receptor (AT1-R)-mediated effect, phosphorylates extracellular(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been implicated in the development of glomerulosclerosis by stimulating fibronectin (FN) synthesis. The processing and release of heparin binding-endothelin growth factor (HB-EGF) are activated by protein kinase C (PKC) and Ca2+ signaling. We studied the roles of HB-EGF and endothelial growth factor (EGF) receptor(More)
Renal deterioration often occurs in cases of infectious endocarditis (IE), but, IE- associated nephritis with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) is rare. Patients with severe infection (e.g., IE) sometimes show positivity for cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (C-ANCA). Therefore, diagnosis and treatment are very difficult in cases(More)
The signaling cascade elicited by angiotensin II (Ang II) resembles that characteristic of growth factor, and recent evidence indicates transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) by G protein-coupled receptors. Here, we report the involvement of EGF-R in Ang II-induced synthesis of fibronectin and TGF-beta in cardiac fibroblasts. Ang II(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasonographic evidence of increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is known to be associated with generalized atherosclerosis. Therapeutic blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reportedly reduces carotid IMT in humans. However, there has been no head-to-head comparison of the(More)
BACKGROUND An accessible non-invasive method for evaluating renal regional blood flow in real time is highly desirable in the clinical setting. Recent progress in ultrasonography with microbubble contrast has allowed quantification of regional blood flow in animal models. AIMS Goal ofthis study was to establish a convenient contrast--enhanced harmonic(More)