Yoko Takahashi

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PTEN, a tumor suppressor frequently inactivated in many human cancers, directly antagonizes the activity of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI3K) by dephosphorylating phosphoinositides. We show here that PTEN interacts directly with the NHERF1 and NHERF2 (Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor) homologous adaptor proteins through the PDZ motif of PTEN and the(More)
Loss of cell polarity is one of the initial alterations in the development of human epithelial cancers. Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF) homologous adaptors 1 and 2 are membrane-associated proteins composed of two amino (N)-terminal PDZ domains and an ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM)-binding (EB) carboxyl (C)-terminal region. We describe here an(More)
A novel actinomycete strain was isolated from a soil sample collected in Japan by using gellan gum as a solidifying agent. Spore-chains from the short sporophores were straight and each had more than 20 spores per chain. Spores possessed no motility. Cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, glycine, alanine and glutamic acid; whole-cell(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the physiologic activity of citrus flavonoids, naringenin, and hesperetin in affecting the activity and mRNA levels of enzymes involved in hepatic fatty acid oxidation and serum and liver lipid levels in male ICR mice. METHODS Six-week-old male ICR mice were fed experimental diets containing 1% naringenin or hesperetin and a(More)
The taxonomic position of actinomycete strain NN276T, isolated from cave soil, was studied using the polyphasic taxonomic approach. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences showed that the isolate formed a distinct evolutionary linage with the genus Microbispora, with M. mesophila JCM 3151T as its closest phylogenetic neighbor(More)
ICR and C57BL/6J mice were fed experimental diets containing either a 2% fatty acid preparation rich in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or a preparation rich in linoleic acid and free of CLA for 21 days. CLA greatly decreased weights of white adipose tissue and interscapular brown adipose tissue in the two strains. CLA reduced mRNA levels of glucose(More)
Ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) proteins regulate the organization and function of specific cortical structures in polarized epithelial cells by connecting filamentous (F)-actin to plasma membrane proteins. The contribution of ERM proteins to these structures depends on a conformational change to an active state in which the C-terminal region interacts with(More)
We hypothesized that the disordered tissue architecture in cancer results from the cells executing the program designed during ontogeny in a spatio-temporally inappropriate manner. HOX genes are known as master regulators of embryonic morphogenesis, and encode transcription factors which regulate the transcription of the downstream genes to realize the(More)
The maintenance of genomic stability in cells is relentlessly challenged by environmental stresses that induce DNA breaks, which activate the DNA-damage pathway mediated by ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) and its downstream mediators to control damage-induced cell-cycle checkpoints and DNA repair. Here, we show that FOXO3a interacts with ATM to promote(More)
Resveratrol is a phytochemical that has been under consideration for use as a prostate cancer chemopreventive agent. However, the efficacy, as well as the mechanisms of action of resveratrol on prostate cancer prevention, remains largely unknown. This study seeks to address these questions and examine the cancer preventive effects of resveratrol using(More)