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The higher frequency of human lung adenocarcinoma in females than in males, strongly suggests the involvement of gender dependent factors in the etiology of this disease. This is the first investigation of estrogen receptor (ER) beta in human lung. Immunohistochemical staining revealed ERbeta expression in normal lung and in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia(More)
We addressed the clinicopathological significance of the oestrogen receptor (ER) beta protein, including an ERbeta variant, ERbetacx, in normal human breast and breast cancer. The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that wild-type ERbeta (ERbetaw) mRNA expression was higher in normal than cancer tissues, and that ERbetacx mRNA(More)
Estrogen plays an important role in many physiological events including carcinogenesis and the development of human breast cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms of estrogen signaling in cancers have not been clarified hitherto and accurate therapeutic prediction of breast cancer is earnestly desired. We first carried out estrogen-responsive expression(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) alpha plays an important role in the proliferation and progression of breast cancer. In order to explore the function of wild-type ERbeta (ERbeta1) and its variant form, ERbetacx/beta2, stable transformants of ERalpha-positive breast cancer MCF7 cells with ERbeta1 or ERbetacx/beta2 expression vector were established. Constitutive(More)
The overexpression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) is frequently observed in the early stage of breast cancer. We previously reported that the specific promoter of the ERalpha gene is responsible for this enhanced transcription of the gene, and identified the cis-acting elements which play an important role in its transcription. Furthermore,(More)
AIB1 (amplified in breast cancer 1) is a member of the steroid receptor coactivator family and is a key factor in enhancing estrogen-dependent transcription. To evaluate the clinical significance of AIB1 in breast cancer, we performed Southern blot analysis of the AIB1 gene on 124 human breast cancer tissues. We also performed reverse(More)
BACKGROUND Oestrogens usually stimulate the progression of oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Paradoxically, high-dose oestrogens suppress the growth of these tumours in certain circumstances. METHODS We prospectively examined the efficacy and safety of ethinylestradiol treatment (3 mg per day oral) in postmenopausal patients with advanced or(More)
Using a degenerate RT-PCR-based screening method, we isolated the homeobox gene, Gbx1, from the shank skin of 13-day-old chick embryos. By in situ hybridization analysis we showed that the Gbx1 was expressed in the epidermis of the skin and the mucous epithelium of the intestine, and that among many homeobox genes isolated, expression of the Gbx1 strongly(More)
To estimate the clinical value of estrogen receptor (ER) beta expression in breast cancer we used an immunohistochemical method to detect the wild-type ERbeta in 88 primary breast cancers. We used a highly specific polyclonal antibody to the carboxyl terminus of wild-type ERbeta. This antibody reacted with neither other variant forms of ERbeta nor any part(More)
PURPOSE Estrogen receptor (ER) alpha-positive breast cancer is often treated with endocrine therapy using either antiestrogens or aromatase inhibitors. However, 30% of patients who receive endocrine therapy will derive no benefit from such treatments and may indeed suffer adverse effects. Currently, there are no ways to predict response to such treatments.(More)