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To clarify the exact anatomic relationship of electrically identified hand areas to the central sulcus, we constructed cortical surface renderings of magnetic resonance images (MRI) to locate the central sulcus accurately and measured the distances of stimulated points from the central sulcus and the Sylvian fissure. We obtained hand responses in 33(More)
The efficacy and possible side effects of thromboxane A2 (TXA2) synthetase inhibitor in the treatment of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were assessed for 24 patients who presented with grades I to IV of the Hunt and Hess classification. All patients underwent aneurysmal clipping within 48 hours after SAH. Postoperatively, TXA2(More)
A 57-year-old male with primary intracranial malignant melanoma who survived 9 years and 6 months is reported. He underwent surgical removal of the tumour three times during the decade 1978 to 1988, and received chemo-immuno-radiotherapy during that time. Acute tumour growth, suggesting tumour dissemination, was seen in the CT scans after the third removal(More)
Corpus callosotomy is a well established procedure for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. However, this is the first clinical report of surgical division of the corpus callosum in Japan. Four patients with refractory seizures suffering from Lennox-Gastaut syndrome underwent anterior partial corpus callosotomy. Their seizures consisted of absences,(More)
Although osteoma of the paranasal sinus is comparatively common, involvement of the sphenoidal sinus region is extremely rare. Lame reported that a total of twelve cases had been described in the European literature since 1800. Mikaelin, Kulczynski and Dolan, since then, described three cases. This paper deals with two surgical cases of sphenoidal sinus(More)
BACKGROUND Olfactory neuroblastoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of the nasal cavity and of the paranasal sinus. In the treatment of patients with advanced olfactory neuroblastoma, the combination of craniofacial resection with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy has significantly improved the survival rate. However, locoregional recurrence and distant(More)
The concentrations of purine catabolites in the cerebral interstitial fluid during progression of and recovery from ischemia were studied using brain microdialysis and high-performance liquid chromatography. Sealed 0.5-mm hollow dialysis fibers were stereotactically implanted into either the cerebral cortex or hippocampus of ketamine anesthetized gerbils(More)
1 Introduction Selecting the surgical candidate for medically intractable epilepsy, detection and localization of seizure focus and cerebral functions are essential for diagnosis, for localization of surgical treatment and for prevention of surgical complications. Due to the limitations of noninvasive evaluations, invasive examinations, such as chronic ECoG(More)
We have developed a translucence stereoscopy method for displaying the distribution of multiple interictal epileptiform discharges within the intracranial space. The epileptiform discharges, measured using a whole-head magnetoencephalography system, were modeled by a least-squares method to obtain the equivalent current dipoles. The dipoles were located in(More)