Yoko Nakayama

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Proopiomelanocortin (POMC, a precursor of melanocortin peptides) neurons in the hypothalamus play an important role in the central regulation of food intake in mammals. There is evidence that human melanocortin peptides alpha-, beta- and gamma2-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-, β- and γ2-MSH) significantly decreased food intake in chickens. However, the(More)
We investigated the roles of the auditory cortex in discrimination learning of vowel-like sounds consisting of multiple formants. Rats were trained to discriminate between synthetic sounds with four formants. Bilateral electrolytic lesions including the primary auditory cortex and the dorsal auditory association cortex impaired multiformant discrimination,(More)
In this report, an extremely rare case of pediatric thyrotropin-secreting pituitary macroadenoma (TSHoma) is described. An 8-year-old boy, complaining of unsteady gait, was suspected of endocrinopathy because of emaciation and muscle weakness of the legs. Endocrinological work-up established a diagnosis of hyperthyroidism due to syndrome of inappropriate(More)
The present study was an attempt to identify the location of genioglossal respiratory and swallowing motoneuron cell bodies within the hypoglossal (XII) nucleus using both electrophysiological and morphological studies. The genioglossus muscle is innervated by the genioglossal branch of the medial XII nerve. At the entrance to the muscle, the genioglossal(More)
Broiler chicks eat more food than layer chicks. In this study, we examined the involvement of orexigenic peptide neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the difference in food intake between broiler and layer chicks (Gallus gallus). First, we compared the hypothalamic mRNA levels of NPY and its receptors (Y1 and Y5 receptors) between these strains at 1, 2, 4, and 8 days of(More)
Lymphoplasmacyte-rich meningioma (LPM) is a rare, benign variant of meningioma, characterized by massive inflammatory cell infiltration and a variable proportion of meningothelial tumorous elements. Here we report the clinicopathological features of an LPM located at the right frontal convexity in a 37-year-old woman. The patient had suffered an initial(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) arising from cranial nerves are rare and usually affect adults. Here we report the clinicopathologic features of a young adult patient with a trigeminal nerve MPNST, in whom another tumor involving the oculomotor nerve on the contralateral side was evident. The patient, an 18-year-old woman, had suffered(More)
Previous studies have indicated that the geniohyoid (GH) muscle is innervated by efferent axons from both the hypoglossal nerve (CN XII) and ansa cervicalis. To clarify the physiological significance of this dual innervation of the GH muscle, we examined properties of efferent innervations in rat GH muscle using electrophysiological, horseradish peroxidase(More)
Based on a recent study indicating that enzymatically synthesized glycogen (ESG) possesses a dietary, fiber-like action, we hypothesized that ESG can reduce the risk of obesity. In this study, the antiobesity effects of ESG were investigated in a model of diet-induced obesity. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups and fed a normal or high-fat(More)
Angiocentric glioma (AG) is an epileptogenic benign cerebral tumor primarily affecting children and young adults, and characterized histopathologically by an angiocentric pattern of growth of monomorphous bipolar cells with features of ependymal differentiation (WHO grade I). We report an unusual cerebral glial tumor in a 66-year-old woman with generalized(More)