Yoko Nakamura

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UNLABELLED The predictive role of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) remains elusive in the long-term outcome of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). The progression of PBC was evaluated in association with ANAs using stepwise Cox proportional hazard regression and an unconditional stepwise logistic regression model based on the data of 276 biopsy-proven, definite(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The presence of antibodies to the 210-kDa glycoprotein of the nuclear pore complex (gp210) is highly indicative of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). However, the significance of anti-gp210 antibody titers for monitoring PBC remains unresolved. METHODS We used an ELISA with a gp210 C-terminal peptide as an antigen to assess serum antibody(More)
Anti-gp210 and anti-centromere antibodies are different risk factors for the progression of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In order to dissect the genetic basis for the production of these autoantibodies, as well as the development and progression of PBC in Japanese patients, we examined single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in cytotoxic T-lymphocyte(More)
Anthrax, plague, Q fever, and tularemia are all potential inhalational bioterrorism agents. The pulmonary manifestations of these agents can be readily confused with each other as well as other more common diseases such as influenza and atypical pneumonia. This article reviews the threat potential, microbiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis,(More)
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic and progressive liver disease characterized by histological interface hepatitis and circulating autoantibodies. Our aims were to evaluate risk factors that contribute to the outcome and, particularly, the development of liver cirrhosis in a prospective multicenter cohort study of AIH. One hundred and seventy-four(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Although the outcome of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is generally good, the natural course and likelihood of progression to cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain undefined, and may vary by region and population structure. Our aims were to evaluate risk factors that contribute to poor outcome and particularly development of HCC in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent studies demonstrated an association of STAT4 polymorphisms with autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, indicating multiple autoimmune diseases share common susceptibility genes. We therefore investigated the influence of STAT4 polymorphisms on the susceptibility and phenotype of type-1(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE We evaluate trauma undertriage by age group, the association between age and serious injury after accounting for other field triage criteria and confounders, and the potential effect of a mandatory age triage criterion for field triage. METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study of injured children and adults transported by 48 emergency(More)
The primary goal of wound management is to achieve a functional closure with minimal scarring. Preventing infection is important to facilitate the healing process. Most simple, uncomplicated wounds do not need systemic antibiotics but benefit from the use of topical antibiotics. Judicious use of antibiotics reduces unnecessary adverse events and helps(More)