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The influence of attention on the processing of pain in the secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) was analyzed using magnetoencephalography in response to painful infra-red heat stimuli applied to the left hand in six male healthy subjects, aged 22-28 years. Three experimental paradigms were chosen to deliver attention dependent results under comparable(More)
In the past decade, characterization of the host targets of pathogen virulence factors took a center stage in the study of pathogenesis and disease susceptibility in plants and humans. However, the impressive knowledge of host targets has not been broadly exploited to inhibit pathogen infection. Here, we show that host target modification could be a(More)
Jasmonates are ubiquitously occurring plant growth regulators with high structural diversity that mediate numerous developmental processes and stress responses. We have recently identified 12-O-β-D-glucopyranosyljasmonic acid as the bioactive metabolite, leaf-closing factor (LCF), which induced nyctinastic leaf closure of Samanea saman. We demonstrate that(More)
We investigated the effects of expectation on intensity ratings and somatosensory evoked magnetic fields and electrical potentials following painful infrared laser stimuli in six healthy subjects. The stimulus series contained trials preceded by different auditory cues which either contained valid, invalid or no information about the upcoming laser(More)
In mammals, the xylosylprotein beta4-galactosyltransferase termed beta4GalT7 (XgalT-1, EC ) participates in proteoglycan biosynthesis through the transfer of galactose to the xylose that initiates each glycosaminoglycan chain. A Drosophila cDNA homologous to mammalian beta4-galactosyltransferases was identified using a human beta4GalT7 cDNA as a probe in a(More)
The purpose of this study is to clarify the effectiveness of the use of β-blocker in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). In 1783 patients, heart rate was controlled by propranolol injection to patients with heart rates of 61 bpm or more. As a result, the scan heart rate (58.8±6.5 bpm) decreased significantly compared with the initial heart rate(More)
Biosynthesis of disialyl Lewis a (Lea) was analyzed using previously cloned ST6GalNAc V and ST6GalNAc VI, which were responsible for the synthesis of alpha-series gangliosides. Among lactotetraosylceramide (Lc4), neolactotetraosylceramide, and their sialyl forms, only sialyl Lc4 was sialylated with ST6GalNAc V and ST6GalNAc VI. The products were confirmed(More)
Although disialyl glycosphingolipids such as GD3 and GD2 have been considered to be associated with malignant tumours, whether branched-type disialyl glycosphingolipids show such an association is not well understood. We investigated the sialyltransferases responsible for the biosynthesis of DSGG (disialylgalactosylgloboside) from MSGG(More)
Biological functions of globo-series glycosphingolipids are not well understood. In this study, murine cDNAs of two glycosyltransferases responsible for the synthesis of globo-series glycolipids and mRNA expression of those genes were analyzed. Distribution of their products was also analyzed. Murine cDNAs for Gb3/CD77 synthase and Gb4 synthase predicted(More)
To narrow down the putative tumor-suppressor gene locus and to assess the predictability of clinical courses by genomic alterations, we analyzed 46 oligodendroglial tumors for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the distal region of the short arm of chromosome 1. LOH at 1p was found in 43 tumors (93.5%), including all 28 oligodendrogliomas, all eight(More)