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The influence of attention on the processing of pain in the secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) was analyzed using magnetoencephalography in response to painful infra-red heat stimuli applied to the left hand in six male healthy subjects, aged 22-28 years. Three experimental paradigms were chosen to deliver attention dependent results under comparable(More)
Jasmonates are ubiquitously occurring plant growth regulators with high structural diversity that mediate numerous developmental processes and stress responses. We have recently identified 12-O-β-D-glucopyranosyljasmonic acid as the bioactive metabolite, leaf-closing factor (LCF), which induced nyctinastic leaf closure of Samanea saman. We demonstrate that(More)
In the past decade, characterization of the host targets of pathogen virulence factors took a center stage in the study of pathogenesis and disease susceptibility in plants and humans. However, the impressive knowledge of host targets has not been broadly exploited to inhibit pathogen infection. Here, we show that host target modification could be a(More)
We investigated the effects of expectation on intensity ratings and somatosensory evoked magnetic fields and electrical potentials following painful infrared laser stimuli in six healthy subjects. The stimulus series contained trials preceded by different auditory cues which either contained valid, invalid or no information about the upcoming laser(More)
The purpose of this study is to clarify the effectiveness of the use of β-blocker in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). In 1783 patients, heart rate was controlled by propranolol injection to patients with heart rates of 61 bpm or more. As a result, the scan heart rate (58.8±6.5 bpm) decreased significantly compared with the initial heart rate(More)
It has been widely accepted that the growth-related phytohormone auxin is the endogenous signal that initiates bending movements of plant organs. In 1875, Charles Darwin described how the bending movement of leaves in carnivorous sundew species formed an 'outer stomach' that allowed the plants to enclose and digest captured insect prey. About 100 years(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) genetically engineered with stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) to heal skin wounds. When transfected with SDF-1 plasmid DNA, MSC which were isolated from the bone marrow of rats, secreted SDF-1 for 7 days. In vitro cell migration assay revealed that the(More)
Biological functions of globo-series glycosphingolipids are not well understood. In this study, murine cDNAs of two glycosyltransferases responsible for the synthesis of globo-series glycolipids and mRNA expression of those genes were analyzed. Distribution of their products was also analyzed. Murine cDNAs for Gb3/CD77 synthase and Gb4 synthase predicted(More)
Although disialyl glycosphingolipids such as GD3 and GD2 have been considered to be associated with malignant tumours, whether branched-type disialyl glycosphingolipids show such an association is not well understood. We investigated the sialyltransferases responsible for the biosynthesis of DSGG (disialylgalactosylgloboside) from MSGG(More)
The RING family zinc-finger protein topors (topoisomerase I-binding protein) binds not only topoisomerase I, but also p53 and the AAV-2 Rep78/68 proteins. topors maps to human chromosome 9p21, which contains candidate tumor suppressor genes implicated in small cell lung cancers. In this study, we isolated the murine counterpart of topors and investigated(More)