Yoko Kobayashi

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We examined the efficacy of 2-year enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) using recombinant human α-glucosidase (GAA; Myozyme®) in five long-term ventilator-dependent adults and aged patients with advanced, late-onset glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII, also known as Pompe disease). Although all patients had advanced respiratory failure and were(More)
Nadrin is a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for the rho family of GTPases that controls Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in nerve endings. In this study, three novel splice variants of nadrin were identified and the variants were designated as nadrin-102, -104, -116 and -126 according to their relative molecular masses. All nadrin variants share the GAP domain,(More)
Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is one of the clinical phenotypes of mitochondrial myopathies characterized by stroke-like episodes (Pavlakis et al 1984). For the cytogenetic analyses, we isolated respiratory-deficient and normal myogenic cell lines from muscle of a patient with MELAS by transfecting(More)
The effects of estrogen and anti-estrogen are mediated through the estrogen receptors (ER) alpha and beta, which function as ligand-induced transcriptional factors. Recently, one of the phthalate esters, n-butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP), has been shown to induce estrogen receptor-mediated responses. By using the truncated types of ER mutants, we revealed that(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays a key role in lipid metabolism. Molecular modeling of dimeric LPL was carried out using insight ii based upon the crystal structures of human, porcine, and horse pancreatic lipase. The dimeric model reveals a saddle-shaped structure and the key heparin-binding residues in the amino-terminal domain located on the top of this(More)
Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is the major beef allergen. Since IgE and T cell recognitions are central to the specific immune response to allergens, the identification and immunologic characterization of B and T cell epitopes of BSA represent important steps in the development of treatments for beef allergy. Prior to our experiments, we hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is occasionally complicated by camptocormia. In a previous study, we classified camptocormia into upper and lower types based on the inflection point, and reported that lidocaine injection into the external oblique muscle, but not into the internal oblique or rectus abdomen, improved upper camptocormia in PD. The effect(More)
The above article from The EMBO Journal, published online on 15 March 2001, has been retracted by agreement between the authors and the journal Chief Editor and Head of Scientific Publications, EMBO, Bernd Pulverer. The authors’ statement follows. A number of image aberrations in this paper were brought to our attention. Following our own investigation and(More)
Reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton caused by inactivation of the Rho GTPase RhoA is critical for the morphological differentiation of astrocytes into process-bearing stellate cells. The molecular mechanisms underlying the RhoA inactivation and, in particular, the factors that inactivate RhoA, remain to be elucidated. We show here that the expression(More)