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BACKGROUND In ruptured cerebral aneurysms (RCAs), identification of the rupture point of a cerebral aneurysm is useful for treatment planning. In unruptured cerebral aneurysms (URCAs), detection of the risk of aneurysmal rupture is also useful for patient management. OBJECTIVE Electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated 3D-CT angiography was performed for patients(More)
It is now well accepted that the trafficking of AMPA receptors to the postsynaptic plasma membrane plays an essential role in long-term potentiation at the hippocampal Schaffer collateral synapses on CA1 pyramidal cells, but the motor mechanism of trafficking is unknown. We suspected that this trafficking of AMPA receptors during long-term potentiation may(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition is a common complication in haemodialysis patients. Recently, the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) has been reported as a simple and accurate tool to assess nutritional status of haemodialysis patients. Our objective was to examine the association between GNRI and mortality in chronic haemodialysis patients. METHODS We(More)
The complement component C5 plays important roles in inflammatory responses and complement-mediated cytolysis. In bony fish, although C5 has been identified at the DNA or the protein level in trout, carp and gilthead seabream, only partial C5 sequences are available. The present study was designed to obtain the complete primary structure of C5 from the(More)
Microscope integrated Near infra red Indocyanine green video angiography (NIR ICG VA) has been frequently used in cerebrovascular surgery. It is believed to be a simple and reliable method with acquisition of real time high spatial resolution images. The aim of this review article was to evaluate the efficacy of intra operative Indocyanine green video(More)
The classical pathway of complement composed of C1, C4, and C2 is an antibody-dependent activation cascade that is present in jawed vertebrates. C1 is a Ca2+-dependent complex of C1q, C1r, and C1s, and analogous to an initiation complex of the lectin pathway of complement, which consists of the mannose-binding lectin (MBL) homologous to C1q and the(More)
The pathogenesis of human B-cell lymphoma is not well understood, although some types of B-cell lymphoma seem to be related to infection with pathogens such as Helicobacter pylori [1]. Accumulating evidence reveals a high incidence of B-cell lymphoma in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, suggesting a link between HCV infection and the(More)
Patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are often complicated with acute cardiopulmonary dysfunctions, particularly neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) and takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy (TCM). This study retrospectively investigated the incidence, demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients with SAH complicated with both NPE(More)
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) occurs frequently after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and excessive release of catecholamines (epinephrine/norepinephrine) has been suggested as its principal cause. The objective of this retrospective study is to evaluate the relative contribution of each catecholamine in the pathogenesis of NPE associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to set up a management-oriented classification for paraclinoid aneurysms, and then design and apply a simplified management scheme according to each group defined by this classification. METHODS Paraclinoid aneurysms were classified as group I (supraophthalmic artery), group II (ophthalmic artery) and group III(More)