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We have produced three kinds of apatite-containing glass ceramics of the same chemical composition: MgO (4.6), CaO (44.9), SiO2 (34.2), P2O5 (16.3), CaF2 (0.5) (in weight ratio). They contain different crystal combinations and have different mechanical properties. The first glass ceramic (A-GC) was prepared by heating a glass plate to 870 degrees C. It(More)
We examined the bonding strength of apatite- and wollastonite-containing glass-ceramics (A-W.GC) to the surface of bone cortex. Semi-column-shaped blocks of A-W.GC were fixed with screws on the surface of the tibiae of rabbits. The blocks of alumina-ceramic were used as the control. The load required to detach the implant from the surface of bone cortex was(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a mixture of apatite-wollastonite containing glass ceramic (A-W.GC, 42-60 mesh in granule size) with fibrin as a bone defect filler. A bone defect was drilled in the proximal metaphysis of the rat tibia and was filled with (1) fibrin glue, (2) A-W.GC granules, or (3) A-W.GC-fibrin mixture. Nothing(More)
We prepared a prosthesis for the replacement of the lumbar vertebrae of sheep, using apatite- and wollastonite-containing glass-ceramic. The material is stronger than human cortical bone and has the special feature of chemical bonding to bone. Ten sheep underwent replacement of L3 and L4 vertebrae, without bone grafting. The animals were killed at intervals(More)
The purpose of this study is to examine the changes in mechanical strength of two bioactive ceramics in living tissue. An aging test and dynamic fatigue test were performed using apatite-wollastonite-containing glass ceramics (A X W-GC) and dense hydroxyapatite (HA). Specimens (5 mm X 5 mm X 25 mm, abraded with No. 2000 Al2O3 powder) were implanted into(More)
The cytotoxicity of hydroxyapatite (HA), tricalcium phosphate (TCP), and two types of apatite-containing glass-ceramics designated A.W-GC and A.W.CP-GC was evaluated by the direct contact method using V79 cells. Compatibility of the cells was assessed as a function of cellular attachment and subsequent growth using scanning electron microscopy. Although all(More)
Three different granule coatings (a granular alumina ceramic coating, a granular hydroxyapatite coating, and a polished granular hydroxyapatite coating) applied to alumina ceramic substrate were evaluated for their strengthening effects of the bone-implant interface in rabbit tibiae. For a comparison, noncoated alumina ceramics, and dense hydroxyapatite(More)