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The formation and maintenance of polarized distributions of membrane proteins in the cell membrane are key to the function of polarized cells. In polarized neurons, various membrane proteins are localized to the somatodendritic domain or the axon. Neurons control polarized delivery of membrane proteins to each domain, and in addition, they must also block(More)
The clinical significance of hepatocellular lipolysosomes in patients with various liver diseases was investigated. Of the 102 cases studied, lipolysosomes were found in 78 cases or 76%. In patients with fatty change of the liver, hepatocellular lipolysosomes were found in 62 of 68 or 91%. In patients without fatty change, lipolysosomes were found in 16 of(More)
The contribution of subcellular organelles in egg yolk-induced fatty liver was investigated in liver tissue sections and fractionated liver homogenates. When 2.0 ml. of 12.5 per cent egg yolk were administered to Wistar male rats (body weight, 250 to 350 gm.), a fatty change occurred in the liver after a 4-hour period. The acute fatty liver was(More)
Relationship between chemical structure, positive inotropic potency and lethal dose of grayanotoxins and the related compounds was studied using guinea pigs. The positive inotropic effect (PIE) was examined in their papillary muscle isolated from the heart.The potency of these compounds was expressed by pD2 values, and was determined by depicting the(More)
Marked thickening of the peritoneum and vasculopathy in the submesothelial compact zone have been reported in long-term peritoneal dialysis patients. Bone marrow (BM)-derived cell lines are considered to be useful tools for therapy of various diseases. To clarify the role of BM-derived cells in the peritoneal fibrosis (PF) model, we analyzed several(More)
BACKGROUND Morphologic changes of the peritoneum such as peritoneal fibrosis and vasculopathy develop during peritoneal dialysis (PD). In 2002, Williams et al. reported microscopic characteristics of peritoneal changes in PD patients. These studies pointed out the importance of establishing a global standard for qualitative and quantitative histological(More)
Aim. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) represents endothelial dysfunction. Monocyte adhesion is recognized as the initial step of arteriosclerosis. Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is considered to be a risk factor for arteriosclerosis in CKD. Oral adsorbent AST-120 retards deterioration of renal function, reducing accumulation of IS. In the present study, we determined the(More)
Some studies suggest that high-estrogen levels lead to erectile dysfunction (ED); high-estrogen levels are known to decrease testosterone levels. However, no study has examined whether testosterone replacement can improve the ED induced by high-estrogen levels. We investigated the effects of testosterone on ED caused by high-estrogen levels in rats. Rats(More)
BACKGROUND Echocardiography is widely used for the evaluation of cardiac structures and function. The prognostic value of assessment of left cardiac atrium (LA) size in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is still unclear. The objective of the present study is to investigate prospectively a longitudinal monitoring of echocardiography parameters after start of(More)
BACKGROUND Establishing a peritoneal mesothelial cell (MC) line in which the native characteristics of primary MCs are constantly maintained in vivo is of great significance for investigating their morphological and functional changes in peritoneal dialysis. We established transgenic (Tg) rats that expressed the temperature-sensitive tsA58 mutant of the(More)