Yoko Hirabayashi

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Transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing human thioredoxin (TRX), a small redox-active protein, were produced to investigate the role of the protein in a variety of stresses. Bone marrow cells from TRX-Tg mice were more resistant to ultraviolet C-induced cytocide compared with those from wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice. TRX-Tg mice exhibited extended median and(More)
Studying the biological functions of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) other than its function in xenobiotic drug metabolism may answer the questions as to why AhR orthologues have long been conserved phylogenically widely in the animal kingdom, and why homologues have diverged from nonvertebrate species such as nematodes and drosophila to all the(More)
Although the mechanisms underlying benzene-induced toxicity and leukemogenicity are not yet fully understood, they are likely to be complicated by various pathways, including those of metabolism, growth factor regulation, oxidative stress, DNA damage, cell cycle regulation, and programmed cell death. With this as a background, we performed cDNA microarray(More)
Benzene can induce hematotoxicity and leukemia in humans and mice. Since a review of the literature shows that the CYP2E1 knockout mouse is not known to possess any benzene toxicity, the metabolism of benzene by CYP2E1 in the liver is regarded to be prerequisite for its cytotoxicity and genotoxicity, although the mechanism is not fully understood yet.(More)
The suppression of the B cell population during senescence has been considered to be due to the suppression of interleukin-7 (IL-7) production and responsiveness to IL-7; however, the upregulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) was found to contribute to B cell suppression. To investigate the mechanism of this suppression based on the(More)
Membrane channel connexin (Cx) forms gap junctions that are implicated in the homeostatic regulation of multicellular systems; thus, hematopoietic cells were assumed not to express Cxs. However, hematopoietic progenitors organize a multicellular system during the primitive stage; thus, the aim of the present study was to determine whether Cx32, a member of(More)
Benzene-induced hematopoietic toxicity is an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-related adverse effect that is not exhibited in AhR-knockout (KO) mice. In the hematopoietic system, the steady-state expression of AhRs is limited in the hematopoietic progenitor cells; thus, a hierarchical hematopoietic impairment starts from hematopoietic progenitor cells after(More)
This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative studies conducted to identify changes in the characteristics of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSCs/HPCs) with or without radiation exposure. The numerical recovery of HSCs/HPCs after radiation exposure is lower than for other types of cells, an effect that may depend on hierarchical ordering of(More)
Proximal gastrectomy and lymph node dissection are often performed for T1 cancer of the gastric cardia; however, direct esophagogastrostomy is frequently complicated by reflux esophagitis. We describe a simple technique for preventing esophageal reflux and discuss its results. This technique is indicated for T1 cancer of the gastric cardia without(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM) is a multifunctional cytokine that belongs to the interleukin 6 (IL-6) family. As OSM is expressed in adult as well as embryonic hematopoietic tissues, OSM has been considered to play a role in hematopoiesis. To uncover roles of OSM, we have generated mutant mice deficient in the OSM-specific receptor beta subunit (OSMR). While OSMR-/-(More)