Yoko Funasaka

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It is demonstrated that ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation stimulates increased expression of the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene which is accompanied by production and release of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) by both normal and malignant human melanocytes and keratinocytes. The production and release of both(More)
We examined 13 human gastric carcinoma celllines for the expression of both c-kit and stem cellfactor (SCF). Expression of mRNAs was detected by bothNorthern blot analysis and reversetranscriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and expression oftranslated proteins was detected by western blotting.Using RT-PCR we confirmed the expression of c-kit infive(More)
Fatty acids are common components of biological membranes that are known to play important roles in intracellular signaling. We report here a novel mechanism by which fatty acids regulate the degradation of tyrosinase, a critical enzyme associated with melanin biosynthesis in melanocytes and melanoma cells. Linoleic acid (unsaturated fatty acid, C18:2)(More)
The proto-oncogene c-Kit, a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase, is an important regulator of cell growth whose constitutively active oncogenic counterpart, v-kit, induces sarcomas in cats. Mutations in murine c-kit that reduce the receptor tyrosine kinase activity cause deficiencies in the migration and proliferation of melanoblasts, hematopoietic stem(More)
To investigate the effects of chronic low-dose UV irradiation on the skin, hairless mice were irradiated with a 1/3 minimal erythemal dose (MED) of UV. We examined the relationship between visible changes and skin damage in the dermis and epidermis. Hairless mice were irradiated with UVB (20 mJ/cm2) and UVA (14 J/cm2) three times a week for 10 weeks,(More)
Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation alters components of the skin. We previously reported that chronic low-dose UV irradiation induced wrinkle formation but did not significantly alter dermal components of hairless mice. In the present study, we examined whether the epidermal changes by UV irradiation could contribute to wrinkle formation.(More)
The inhibitory effect of arbutin, a naturally occurring beta-D-glucopyranoside derivative of hydroquinone, on melanogenesis was studied biochemically by using human melanocytes in culture. Cells were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of arbutin. The maximum concentration of arbutin that was not inhibitory to growth of the cells was 100(More)
Tyrosinase related protein (TRP)-1 and TRP-2 are known to regulate the quality of melanin, and recently their potential role in inhibiting apoptosis have also been reported. To study the role of tyrosinase, TRP-1 and TRP-2 in the growth, differentiation and cell death of ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiated melanocytes, the expression of these proteins in(More)
The proto-oncogene c-MET encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor for hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF). HGF/SF stimulates the proliferation and motility of various cell types. Because HGF/SF is also a melanocyte mitogen, we investigated the biological role of HGF/SF, including c-Met expression, activation and signal transduction, in(More)