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Vanadate activated rat adipocyte glycogen synthase similarly to insulin in a dose- and time-dependent manner. No additional effect was observed when insulin and vanadate were added together. Vanadate also partially counteracted the effect of epinephrine to activate rat adipocyte glycogen phosphorylase similarly to insulin. Inhibition of Na+K+ATPase or(More)
The insulin receptor purified from human placenta by sequential affinity chromatography on wheat germ agglutinin- and insulin-Sepharose to near homogeneity retained tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity. This purified insulin receptor kinase specifically catalyzed the incorporation of 32P from [gamma-32P]ATP into not only the beta-subunit of the insulin(More)
The insulin receptor (IR) form hybrids with the closely related insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) receptor (IGF-I-R). Because most human breast carcinomas overexpress both the IR and the IGF-I-R, we evaluated whether the insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptor (Hybrid-R) is also overexpressed in these tumors and what role it plays in breast cancer biology. Using(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and insulin have all been implicated in regulating several aspects of the malignant phenotype via the type I IGF receptor (IGF1R) and insulin receptor (IR). We have previously shown that a chimeric single-chain antibody against IGF1R (scFv-Fc) and a murine antibody EM164 down-regulate IGF1R, making breast cancer(More)
The notion of an insulin-dependent translocation of the glucose transporter in rat adipocytes was confirmed by immunoblotting and reconstitution of glucose transport activity of subcellular fractions. Quantitatively, however, significantly different results were obtained with these two techniques; when compared with reconstitution, immunoblotting detected(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGF) I and II are potent mitogens for a variety of cancer cells. The proliferative and anti-apoptotic actions of IGF are mediated by the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), to which both IGF-I and IGF-II bind with high affinity. To investigate the mitogenic and anti-apoptotic activities of IGF-IR and to achieve better inhibition of IGF-IR(More)
Recently, we have reported three monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against purified human placental insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I receptors. These antibodies, in contrast to the well-studied mAb alpha IR-3, stimulate binding of IGF-I and IGF-II to the receptor and DNA synthesis as well [Xiong, et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1992(89), 5356]. Here we(More)
It has previously been demonstrated that calmodulin can be phosphorylated in vitro and in vivo by both tyrosine-specific and serine/threonine protein kinase. We demonstrate here that the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase purified from human placenta phosphorylates calmodulin. The highly purified receptors (prepared by insulin-Sepharose chromatography) were(More)
Three insulin receptor subunits prepared from the purified receptor were isolated and characterized. Peptide mapping of the isolated subunits revealed that the Mr = 125,000 subunit (alpha) is distinct from the Mr = 90,000 subunit (beta) whereas the Mr = 50,000 subunit (beta 1) shows considerable structural homology to beta, indicating that the alpha and(More)
Insulin receptor was purified 2400-fold with an overall yield of 40% from human placental membranes by affinity chromatography on wheat germ agglutinin-Sepharose and insulin-Sepharose. The receptor was eluted from insulin-Sepharose using mild conditions, eliminating urea, so that it was stable and retained full insulin-binding activity. Chromatofocusing and(More)