Yoko Fujita-Yamaguchi

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The insulin receptor (IR) form hybrids with the closely related insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) receptor (IGF-I-R). Because most human breast carcinomas overexpress both the IR and the IGF-I-R, we evaluated whether the insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptor (Hybrid-R) is also overexpressed in these tumors and what role it plays in breast cancer biology. Using(More)
Five mutants of recombinant insulin-like growth factor-II (rIGF-II) that bound with high affinity to either the IGF-II/cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate (IGF-II/CIM6-P) or the IGF-I receptor were prepared by site-directed mutagenic procedures, expressed as fusion proteins in the larva of Bombyx mori or Escherichia coli, purified to homogeneity,(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and insulin have all been implicated in regulating several aspects of the malignant phenotype via the type I IGF receptor (IGF1R) and insulin receptor (IR). We have previously shown that a chimeric single-chain antibody against IGF1R (scFv-Fc) and a murine antibody EM164 down-regulate IGF1R, making breast cancer(More)
Vanadate activated rat adipocyte glycogen synthase similarly to insulin in a dose- and time-dependent manner. No additional effect was observed when insulin and vanadate were added together. Vanadate also partially counteracted the effect of epinephrine to activate rat adipocyte glycogen phosphorylase similarly to insulin. Inhibition of Na+K+ATPase or(More)
IGF-I receptor (IGFR) content and its prognostic significance were evaluated in human breast cancer specimens using a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (V. Pezzino et al., Metabolism, 40: 861, 1991). The prognostic significance of IGFR expression was investigated by two different approaches: (a) detectable IGFR content was measured in 82% of specimens(More)
The insulin receptor purified from human placenta by sequential affinity chromatography on wheat germ agglutinin- and insulin-Sepharose to near homogeneity retained tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity. This purified insulin receptor kinase specifically catalyzed the incorporation of 32P from [gamma-32P]ATP into not only the beta-subunit of the insulin(More)
In a study that was reported from this laboratory, the mitogenic potency of an apparent mol wt (appMr) of 15,000 precursor form of human insulin-like growth factor-II (hIGF-II) was shown to be greater than that of completely processed hIGF-II for human fetal-derived fibroblasts, and both were more potent than rIGF-I. Since it is generally acknowledged that(More)
Recently, we have reported three monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against purified human placental insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I receptors. These antibodies, in contrast to the well-studied mAb alpha IR-3, stimulate binding of IGF-I and IGF-II to the receptor and DNA synthesis as well [Xiong, et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1992(89), 5356]. Here we(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGF) I and II are potent mitogens for a variety of cancer cells. The proliferative and anti-apoptotic actions of IGF are mediated by the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), to which both IGF-I and IGF-II bind with high affinity. To investigate the mitogenic and anti-apoptotic activities of IGF-IR and to achieve better inhibition of IGF-IR(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the extent to which the effects of milrinone were desensitized in heart failure (HF) and to determine the mechanisms, i.e., whether these effects could be ascribed to changes in cAMP or phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity in HF. Accordingly, we examined the effects of milrinone in seven conscious dogs before and after HF(More)