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The insulin receptor (IR) form hybrids with the closely related insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) receptor (IGF-I-R). Because most human breast carcinomas overexpress both the IR and the IGF-I-R, we evaluated whether the insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptor (Hybrid-R) is also overexpressed in these tumors and what role it plays in breast cancer biology. Using(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGF) I and II are potent mitogens for a variety of cancer cells. The proliferative and anti-apoptotic actions of IGF are mediated by the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), to which both IGF-I and IGF-II bind with high affinity. To investigate the mitogenic and anti-apoptotic activities of IGF-IR and to achieve better inhibition of IGF-IR(More)
The insulin receptor purified from human placenta by sequential affinity chromatography on wheat germ agglutinin- and insulin-Sepharose to near homogeneity retained tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity. This purified insulin receptor kinase specifically catalyzed the incorporation of 32P from [gamma-32P]ATP into not only the beta-subunit of the insulin(More)
Vanadate activated rat adipocyte glycogen synthase similarly to insulin in a dose- and time-dependent manner. No additional effect was observed when insulin and vanadate were added together. Vanadate also partially counteracted the effect of epinephrine to activate rat adipocyte glycogen phosphorylase similarly to insulin. Inhibition of Na+K+ATPase or(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) stimulate breast cancer proliferation, motility, and survival. The type I IGF receptor (IGF1R) mediates the effects of IGF-I. Thus, inhibition of IGF1R activation could inhibit IGF action in breast cancer cells. A single-chain antibody directed against IGF1R (IGF1R scFv-Fc) has been shown to partially inhibit xenograft(More)
IGF-I receptor (IGFR) content and its prognostic significance were evaluated in human breast cancer specimens using a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (V. Pezzino et al., Metabolism, 40: 861, 1991). The prognostic significance of IGFR expression was investigated by two different approaches: (a) detectable IGFR content was measured in 82% of specimens(More)
Since tyrosine-specific protein kinase (TPK) is much less abundant than Ser/Thr-specific kinases in cells, determination of TPK activity in crude cell extracts or column chromatography eluates has been difficult. This is compounded by the absence of a rapid, economical method for the separation of high endogenous protein phosphorylation background from(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-II, and insulin have all been implicated in regulating several aspects of the malignant phenotype via the type I IGF receptor (IGF1R) and insulin receptor (IR). We have previously shown that a chimeric single-chain antibody against IGF1R (scFv-Fc) and a murine antibody EM164 down-regulate IGF1R, making breast cancer(More)
Five mutants of recombinant insulin-like growth factor-II (rIGF-II) that bound with high affinity to either the IGF-II/cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate (IGF-II/CIM6-P) or the IGF-I receptor were prepared by site-directed mutagenic procedures, expressed as fusion proteins in the larva of Bombyx mori or Escherichia coli, purified to homogeneity,(More)
Protein microsequencing of human placental IGF-I receptors purified by immunoaffinity chromatography using IGF-I receptor specific monoclonal antibody revealed amino acid sequences of both IGF-I and insulin receptors. Since this finding indicated the presence of IGF-I/insulin receptor hybrids, hybrid receptors were further purified by immunoaffinity(More)