Learn More
Crude fucan was extracted monthly from makonbu, Laminaria japonica Areschoug, cultured from April to October at a southern site of the Hokkaido bay. The crude fucan yield tended to gradually increase from April to September, and rose markedly in October when spore formation was over. The fucans were fractionated on DEAE-Sephadex A-25 into three acidic(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative and ischemic disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Chinese propolis and its constituents [chrysin, galangin, pinocembrin, caffeic acid, and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE)] against tunicamycin-induced neuronal cell death in(More)
A cell growth inhibitory effect of drupanin and baccharin, ingredients of propolis, was found in human cancer cell lines. These compounds induced apoptosis in the cells characterized by morphological and nucleosomal DNA fragmentation analysis. Their effects were less potent compared with that of artepillin C, which is a known anticancer compound from(More)
BACKGROUND One of the most important challenges in the study of aging is to discover compounds with longevity-promoting activities and to unravel their underlying mechanisms. Royal jelly (RJ) has been reported to possess diverse beneficial properties. Furthermore, protease-treated RJ (pRJ) has additional pharmacological activities. Exactly how RJ and pRJ(More)
Royal jelly (RJ) from honeybees (Apis mellifera) is traditionally thought to improve menopausal symptoms. The potential estrogenic activities of RJ were investigated using various approaches. RJ competed for binding of 17beta-estradiol to the human estrogen receptor alpha and beta but its affinities were weak compared with diethylstilbestrol and(More)
Brazilian propolis obtained from honeybee hives was extracted with water or ethanol. Cell growth-inhibitory activities of these propolis extracts were found in HL-60 human myeloid leukemia cells. The extracts-induced apoptosis in the cells, which was characterized by morphological and nucleosomal DNA fragmentation analysis. The apoptosis was mainly(More)
We have previously reported that royal jelly (RJ) from honeybees (Apis mellifera) has weak estrogenic activity mediated by interaction with estrogen receptors that leads to changes in gene expression and cell proliferation. In this study, we isolated four compounds from RJ that exhibit estrogenic activity as evaluated by a ligand-binding assay for the(More)
Propolis, a honeybee product, has become popular as a food and alternative medicine. Its constituents have been shown to exert pharmacological effects, such as anticancer, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study was performed to investigate whether Brazilian green propolis exerts antihypertensive effects in spontaneously hypertensive(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of pathogenic angiogenesis in diseases such as cancer and diabetic retinopathy. Bee products [royal jelly (RJ), bee pollen, and Chinese red propolis] from the honeybee, Apis mellifera, have been used as traditional health foods for centuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
We have shown that Protease N treated Royal Jelly (ProRJ) and peptides from ProRJ (Ile-Tyr (IY), Val-Tyr (VY), Ile-Val-Tyr (IVY)) inhibited angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and they have an antihypertensive effect in repeated oral administration for 28 d on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We investigated the contributive ratio of these(More)