Yoko Akazawa

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Glutamate plays a critical role in pathological cell death within the nervous system. Vitamin E is known to protect cells from glutamate cytotoxicity, either by direct antioxidant action or by indirect nonantioxidant action. Further, α-tocotrienol (α-T3) has been reported to be more effective against glutamate-induced cytotoxicity than α-tocopherol (α-T).(More)
The present study performed proteomic analysis of the midbrain and striatum of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated neonatal rats--a model of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Proteomic analysis revealed that a 58-kDa glucose-regulated protein (Grp58) was temporarily phosphorylated and its level was elevated by 6-OHDA. Furthermore, 6-OHDA(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces host inflammatory responses and tissue injury and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various age-related diseases such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, vascular diseases, and periodontal disease. Antioxidants, particularly vitamin E, have been shown to suppress oxidative stress induced by LPS, but the previous(More)
The primary products from peroxidation of linoleate in biological tissues and fluids are the hydroperoxy octadecadienoates, and the products normally assayed, after reduction of the hydroperoxides, are the corresponding hydroxy octadecadienoates (HODEs). The HODEs are found in tissues and fluids as a mixture of Z,E and E,E stereoisomers. Two regioisomeric(More)
DJ-1, the causative gene of a familial form of Parkinson's disease (PD), has been reported undergo oxidation preferentially at the 106th cysteine residue (Cys-106) under oxidative stress. Recently, it has been found that the levels of oxidized DJ-1 in erythrocytes of unmedicated PD patients are markedly higher than those in medicated PD patients and healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Free radicals and lipid peroxidation are thought to be related to the vasospasm generation after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Plasma platelet-activating factor-acetyl hydrolase (PAF-AH) degrades phospholipids with an oxidatively modified fatty acyl chain. OBJECTIVE To compare plasma PAF-AH activity and free forms of biomarker of lipid(More)
The antigen-binding domain of camelid dimeric heavy chain antibodies, known as VHH or Nanobody, has much potential in pharmaceutical and industrial applications. To establish the isolation process of antigen-specific VHH, a VHH phage library was constructed with a diversity of 8.4 × 10(7) from cDNA of peripheral blood mononuclear cells of an alpaca (Lama(More)
We developed a novel method to measure hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (HODE) levels in biological fluids and tissue samples. This method can be used to measure the oxidation products of linoleic acid. Reduction and saponification enabled us to measure hydroperoxides and hydroxides of both free and esterified forms of linoleic acid as total HODE, which includes(More)
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