Yojiro Sakiyama

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We demonstrated the distribution of adenosine A1 receptors in the anesthetized monkey brain with positron emission tomography (PET) using [(11)C]KF15372 ([1-propyl-(11)C]8-dicyclopropylmethyl-1, 3-dipropylxanthine). [(11)C]KF15372 was injected intravenously. The regional standardized uptake values and the distribution volume were calculated. We also(More)
Nicotine injections and nicotine skin patches significantly improve attention, memory, and learning in Alzheimer's disease. In animal studies, nicotine improves the performance of various memory-related tasks, an effect that is thought to be mediated by the neuronal dopaminergic system as systemic administration of nicotine decreased [(11)C]raclopride(More)
The behavioral assessment of pain is essential for the analysis of pain mechanisms and the evaluation of analgesic drugs. The formalin test is one of such methods widely used as a model of injury-induced pain in rodents. This test is manually demanding and the recording of results is left to the subjectivity of the experimenters. Thus we developed a novel(More)
Lower fluctuation, i.e., lower peak-to-trough plasma-concentration variation at steady-state pharmacokinetics, has several advantages for the treatment of schizophrenia with antipsychotics. The reduction of peak concentration can decrease the risk of dose-dependent side effects, such as extrapyramidal symptom and somnolence, and by contrast the increase in(More)
The prediction of efficacy in long-term treatment of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) is a major clinical issue, although no consistently strong predictive factors have emerged thus far. The present analyses aimed to identify factors for predicting long-term outcome of galantamine treatment. Analyses were conducted with data from a 24 weeks(More)
Animal pain testing is essential for the development of new analgesic drugs, where appropriate data analyses as well as appropriate multi-factorial design of experiments are necessary to obtain meaningful results in an efficient fashion. The tail withdrawal experiment is one of the pain tests in which a rhesus monkey is restrained in a chair from which its(More)
For analysis of in vivo dopamine receptor binding in the rat brain by positron emission tomography (PET), a convenient method to obtain precise anatomical registration for striatum and cerebellum on the PET image was developed. On the PET measurements, a control, an anesthetized rat was positioned in a stereotaxic holder so that the horizontal plane of the(More)
It has been previously suggested that activation of adenosine A1 receptor modulates dopamine D1 receptor binding in vitro, although the direct mechanism of this interaction in vivo has not yet been demonstrated. Here, we conducted a positron emission tomography (PET) study to demonstrate in vivo the interaction between these receptors. The specific(More)
The effect of pentobarbital, a sedative-hypnotic barbiturate, on the in vivo binding of benzodiazepine receptors in the mouse brain was investigated. Dose-related changes in the apparent binding of [3H]Ro15-1788 ([3H]flumazenil) in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and pons-medulla were observed by pretreatment with pentobarbital. For quantification of the(More)