Yojiro Sakiyama

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To clarify age-related changes in dopamine D1-like and D2-like receptor binding in the striatum, positron emission tomography (PET) and in vitro receptor autoradiography (in vitro ARG) were performed using F344/N rats of various ages (6, 12, 18, and 24 months). In the PET study, [11C]SCH23390 and [11C]raclopride were used to image dopamine D1-like receptors(More)
Nicotine injections and nicotine skin patches significantly improve attention, memory, and learning in Alzheimer's disease. In animal studies, nicotine improves the performance of various memory-related tasks, an effect that is thought to be mediated by the neuronal dopaminergic system as systemic administration of nicotine decreased [(11)C]raclopride(More)
For analysis of in vivo dopamine receptor binding in the rat brain by positron emission tomography (PET), a convenient method to obtain precise anatomical registration for striatum and cerebellum on the PET image was developed. On the PET measurements, a control, an anesthetized rat was positioned in a stereotaxic holder so that the horizontal plane of the(More)
It has been previously suggested that activation of adenosine A1 receptor modulates dopamine D1 receptor binding in vitro, although the direct mechanism of this interaction in vivo has not yet been demonstrated. Here, we conducted a positron emission tomography (PET) study to demonstrate in vivo the interaction between these receptors. The specific(More)
The effect of pentobarbital, a sedative-hypnotic barbiturate, on the in vivo binding of benzodiazepine receptors in the mouse brain was investigated. Dose-related changes in the apparent binding of [3H]Ro15-1788 ([3H]flumazenil) in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and pons-medulla were observed by pretreatment with pentobarbital. For quantification of the(More)
The effect of flunitrazepam upon the binding of [3H]SCH 23390 in vivo was investigated. Acute treatment with flunitrazepam decreased the binding of [3H]SCH 23390 in the striatum in a dose-dependent manner. The time course of radioactivity in the striatum, cerebral cortex and cerebellum in controls and flunitrazepam (1 mg/kg)-treated mice was measured after(More)
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