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Spontaneous baroreflex function can be altered by acute changes in central blood volume. Both a reduction in spontaneous baroreflex function at central hypovolemia and augmentation at hypervolemia suggest a dose-effect relationship between central blood volume and spontaneous baroreflex function. However, this relationship has not been quantified over(More)
OBJECTIVE Autonomic nervous system impairment is an untoward symptom that is typically observed in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. However, details of the effects of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) on the autonomic nervous system remain unclear. METHODS Twenty-eight patients with advanced PD (12 males and 16 females) who(More)
BACKGROUND Children with orthostatic dysregulation (OD) appear to have hypodynamia, as well as the symptoms described in the OD criteira. Hypodynamia, which is greatly influenced by motivation, volition and concentration, is unexceptionally recognized in their everyday life. It has been suggested that the symptoms and hypodynamia aggravate considerably the(More)
BACKGROUND It is unknown whether flumazenil antagonizes the decrease in cerebral blood flow or the alteration in dynamic cerebral autoregulation induced by midazolam. We, therefore, investigated the effects on cerebral circulation of flumazenil administered after midazolam, to test our hypothesis that, along with complete reversal of sedation, flumazenil(More)
Head-to-foot gravitational force >1G (+Gz hypergravity) augments venous pooling in the lower body and reduces central blood volume during exposure, compared with 1Gz. Central hypovolemia has been reported to reduce spontaneous cardiac baroreflex sensitivity. However, no investigations have examined spontaneous cardiac baroreflex sensitivity during exposure(More)
In normothermia, the tolerance time to presyncope during an orthostatic challenge is shortened during the early morning. Heat stress reduces tolerance to presyncope and the degree of cutaneous vasoconstriction prior to presyncope. However, whether these changes show diurnal variations remains unknown. Therefore, we examined diurnal changes in orthostatic(More)
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