Yojiro Ogawa

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INTRODUCTION The classical view states that hypoxia beyond an oxygen concentration of about 17% induces tachycardia. However, few studies have investigated the dose-dependent effects of acute normobaric hypoxia on autonomic nervous regulation of the cardiovascular system. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of stepwise hypoxia on cardiovascular neural(More)
Spontaneous baroreflex function can be altered by acute changes in central blood volume. Both a reduction in spontaneous baroreflex function at central hypovolemia and augmentation at hypervolemia suggest a dose-effect relationship between central blood volume and spontaneous baroreflex function. However, this relationship has not been quantified over(More)
BACKGROUND Dexmedetomidine, which is often used in intensive care units in patients with compromised circulation, might induce further severe decreases in cerebral blood flow (CBF) with temporal decreases in arterial pressure induced by various stimuli if dynamic cerebral autoregulation is not improved. Therefore, the authors hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND Frequent changes in the perioperative central blood volume could affect cerebral autoregulation through alterations in sympathetic nerve activity, cardiac output, blood viscosity, and cerebral vasomotor tone. However, the effect of dynamic cerebral autoregulation has not been studied during acute wide-ranging changes in central blood volume,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate the different effects on autonomic circulatory control during volatile induction/maintenance of anesthesia (VIMA) vs total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Operating theater of a university hospital. PATIENTS Twenty patients, with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status of I or(More)
Effects of hypoxia on cerebral circulation are important for occupational, high-altitude, and aviation medicine. Increased risk of fainting might be attributable to altered cerebral circulation by hypoxia. Dynamic cerebral autoregulation is reportedly impaired immediately by mild hypoxia. However, continuous exposure to hypoxia causes hyperventilation,(More)
Acute hypoxia directly causes cerebral arteriole vasodilation and also stimulates peripheral chemoreceptors to change autonomic neural activity. These changes may alter cerebral vascular modulation. We therefore hypothesized that dynamic cerebral autoregulation would be altered during acute exposure to hypoxia. Fifteen healthy men were examined under(More)
BACKGROUND Humans encounter increased partial pressures of inspired oxygen in some kinds of diving as well as during use of hyperoxic mixtures to shorten decompression times and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for decompression sickness or other clinical conditions. Although it is known that hyperoxia may affect cardiovascular regulation, such effects are(More)
The α2-adrenergic receptor agonist dexmedetomidine reportedly weakens heart rate (HR) responses to ‘rapid’ (during a few seconds) reduction in arterial pressure, but does not affect HR responses to ‘gradual’ (during 60 s) reduction in arterial pressure. As the speed of neurotransmission along the parasympathetic nerve is relatively rapid, alteration of(More)
BACKGROUND Although midazolam and propofol reduce cerebral blood flow (CBF) similarly, they generate different effects on the autonomic nervous system and endothelium-induced relaxation. Midazolam induces sympathetic dominance, whereas propofol induces parasympathetic dominance. Midazolam has no effect on endothelium-dependent relaxation, whereas propofol(More)