Yojiro Muneoka

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To isolate new peptide signal molecules involved in regulating developmental processes in hydra, a novel screening project was developed. Peptides extracted from the tissue of Hydra magnipapillata were systematically purified to homogeneity using HPLC. A fraction of each purified peptide was examined by differential display-PCR for its ability to affect(More)
We present the first evidence of a system of four bioactive peptides that affect the stiffness of sea cucumber dermis. The body wall dermis of sea cucumbers consists of catch connective tissue that is characterized by quick and drastic stiffness changes under nervous control. The peptides were isolated from the body wall, their amino acid sequences(More)
An undecapeptide which potentiates the beat of the ventricle in the African giant snail, Achatina fulica Ferussac, was purified from the atria of the snail. Its primary structure was determined to be H-Ser-Gly-Gln-Ser-Trp-Arg-Pro-Gln-Gly-Arg-Phe-NH2. This peptide was found to have excitatory actions not only on the ventricle but also on the penis retractor(More)
A novel bioactive peptide with the C-terminal RFamide was isolated from the brain of the Japanese crucian carp, Carassius auratus langsdorfii, by using the intestine of the fish as the bioassay system. The primary structure of the peptide was determined to be SPEIDPFWYVGRGVRPIGRFamide and it was designated Carassius RFamide (C-RFa). The sequence of C-RFa(More)
A peptide that potentiates twitch contraction of the radula retractor muscle of the prosobranch mollusc Fusinus ferrugineus was isolated from the ganglia of the animal. Its primary structure is H-Ala-Pro-Gly-Trp-NH2 (APGWamide) closely related to the C-terminal tetrapeptide of the crustacean red-pigment-concentrating hormone. APGWamide showed modulatory(More)
Tachykinin is one of the most well-known bioactive peptides found in vertebrates, and tachykinin-related peptides have also been isolated from various invertebrate species. Urechistachykinin I (Leu-Arg-Gln-Ser-Gln-Phe-Val-Gly-Ser-Arg-NH(2)) and II (Ala-Ala-Gly-Met-Gly-Phe-Phe-Gly-Ala-Arg-NH(2)) were purified from the ventral nerve cords of echiuroid worm,(More)
A peptide that relaxes catch tension of the anterior byssus retractor muscle of Mytilus edulis was purified from pedal ganglion extracts of the mussel. Its primary structure was determined to be H-Ala-Met-Pro-Met-Leu-Arg-Leu-NH2. This peptide was found to have not only catch-relaxing action on the byssus retractor muscle but also modulatory actions on(More)
A novel cardio-excitatory peptide was purified from the hearts of Aplysia kurodai. The peptide was a tripeptide containing a D-amino acid residue in the second position, Asn-D-Trp-Phe-NH2 (NdWFamide). NdWFamide increased the amplitude of contractions of the perfused Aplysia heart with little effect on beating frequency, showing a threshold of approximately(More)
In the anterior byssus retractor muscle (ABRM) of Mytilus, low concentrations of FMRFamide (10(-8)-10(-7) M) relax ACh-induced catch-tension, whereas high concentrations (greater than 10(-7) M) cause contraction. To study the structure-activity relations of these actions, a number of peptide analogs of FMRFamide were screened for their biological activities(More)