Yoji Osako

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Although oxytocin (OT) within the olfactory bulb has been implicated in maternal behaviour and olfactory recognition, the cellular mechanisms of action remain to be clarified. We examined the effects of OT on glutamatergic spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) in cultured granule cells with the use of whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. OT(More)
Long-term immobilization by casting can occasionally cause pathologic pain states in the immobilized side. The underlying neurophysiological mechanisms of immobilization-related pain are not well understood. For this reason, we specifically examined changes of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) expression in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), spinal dorsal(More)
Stressful social experiences during early-life can increase the risk of developing neuropsychiatric disorders associated with anxiety, mood, and personality. Early neglect also alters peripheral arginine vasopression (AVP) and oxytocin (OXT). We hypothesized that a lack of social stimuli should adversely affect developmental AVP and OXT systems. To test(More)
Oxytocin (OT) modulation of synaptic transmission between olfactory bulb neurones has been implicated in the induction of maternal behaviour, but the mechanism of action is unknown. We examined the action of OT on gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptor-mediated spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) in cultured mitral/tufted (M/T)(More)
Motopsin is a mosaic serine protease secreted from neuronal cells in various brain regions, including the hippocampus. The loss of motopsin function causes nonsyndromic mental retardation in humans and impairs long-term memory formation in Drosophila. To understand motopsin's function in the mammalian brain, motopsin knockout (KO) mice were generated.(More)
Motopsin (PRSS12) is a mosaic protease expressed in the central nervous system. Truncation of the human motopsin gene causes nonsyndromic mental retardation. Understanding the enzymatic properties and localization of motopsin protein in the central nervous system will help identify the molecular mechanism by which the loss of motopsin function causes mental(More)
Cytokines play a critical role in the cascade of events that cause septic shok. One regulatory system suggested to be important in controlling inflammatory response is the neuroendocrine axis. One of the chemokines is cytokine induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC), which was first described as an immuno-modulator of peripheral tissue in inflammatory(More)
When female mice are mated, they form a memory to the pheromonal signal of their male partner. The neural changes underlying this memory occur in the accessory olfactory bulb, depend upon vaginocervical stimulation at mating and involve changes at the reciprocal synapses between mitral and granule cells. However, the action of vaginocervical stimulation on(More)
A serine protease, motopsin (prss12), plays a significant role in cognitive function and the development of the brain, since the loss of motopsin function causes severe mental retardation in humans and enhances social behavior in mice. Motopsin is activity-dependently secreted from neuronal cells, is captured around the synaptic cleft, and cleaves a(More)
Traumatic events such as natural disasters, violent crimes, tragic accidents, and war, can have devastating impacts on social relationships, including marital partnerships. We developed a single prolonged stress (SPS) paradigm, which consisted of restraint, forced swimming, and ether anesthesia, to establish an animal model relevant to post-traumatic stress(More)