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In Parkinson's disease, characteristic pathological features are the cell death of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons and the formation of Lewy bodies composed of oxidized proteins. Mitochondrial dysfunction and aggregation of abnormal proteins have been proposed to cause the pathological changes. However, the relation between these two factors remains to be(More)
A lambda gt11 cDNA library from 10-day-old chicken embryo was screened immunologically using an antiserum against drebrins E1, E2 and A, proteins previously designated S5, S6 and S54, respectively. A cDNA clone for a common domain of drebrin was isolated. Northern blot analysis of chicken brain indicated that drebrin mRNAs are about 2.7 kilobases in(More)
Drebrins are developmentally regulated proteins found in chicken brain and are classified into two forms of the embryonic type (E1 and E2) and one form of the adult type (A). Although the time courses of their appearance are different from each other, the structures of the 3 forms are closely related. Two kinds of drebrin cDNA, designated gDcw6 and gDcw17,(More)
We have previously reported that amyloid Abeta, the major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), binds Cu with high affinity via histidine and tyrosine residues [Atwood, C. S., et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 12817-12826; Atwood, C. S., et al. (2000) J. Neurochem. 75, 1219-1233] and produces H(2)O(2) by catalyzing the reduction of Cu(II)(More)
Myeloperoxidase is an inflammatory enzyme that generates reactive hypochlorous acid in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and chloride ion. However, this enzyme also uses bromide ion or thiocyanate as a substrate to form hypobromous or hypothiocyanous acid, respectively. These species play important roles in host defense against the invasion of(More)
alpha-Synuclein is a major component of intracytoplasmic inclusions including Lewy bodies (LB), Lewy neurites (LN) and glial cytoplasmic inclusions, and plays a key role in neurodegenerative processes in Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathies. Although the molecular mechanisms of the disease process still remain to be elucidated, recent(More)
Galanin (GAL)-immunoreactive axon terminals on motor endplates of the esophageal striated muscles were demonstrated in mice, guinea-pigs and rats. The GAL-terminals innervated 33% of AChE-reactive motor endplates in mice and 6% of those in guinea-pigs. Double immunostaining revealed that separate GAL- and CGRP-positive terminals were localized within the(More)
The quantification of urinary oxidized tyrosines, dityrosine (DiY), nitrotyrosine (NY), bromotyrosine (BrY), and dibromotyrosine (DiBrY), was accomplished by quadruple liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). The sample was partially purified by solid phase extraction, and was then applied to the LC/MS/MS using multiple-reaction monitoring(More)
Serotonin, 5-hydroxytryptamine, is a systemic bioactive amine that acts in the gut and brain. As a substrate of myeloperoxidase in vitro, serotonin is oxidized to tryptamine-4,5-dione (TD), which is highly reactive with thiols. In this work, we successively prepared a monoclonal antibody to quinone-modified proteins and found that the antibody(More)
Background. Recent studies suggest that the daily intake of lemon (Citrus limon) has a good effect on health, but this has not been confirmed in humans. In our previous studies, it was observed that people who are conscious of their health performed more lemon intake and exercise. An analysis that took this into account was required. Methodology. For 101(More)