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In Parkinson's disease, characteristic pathological features are the cell death of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons and the formation of Lewy bodies composed of oxidized proteins. Mitochondrial dysfunction and aggregation of abnormal proteins have been proposed to cause the pathological changes. However, the relation between these two factors remains to be(More)
The mechanism by which restraint stress induces suppression of food intake and the influence of intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of somatostatin on the anorexia induced by restraint stress were examined in the rat. Ninety minutes of restraint stress reduced food intake of rats to approximately 60% that of control. Anorexia induced by 90 min(More)
We have previously reported that amyloid Abeta, the major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), binds Cu with high affinity via histidine and tyrosine residues [Atwood, C. S., et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 12817-12826; Atwood, C. S., et al. (2000) J. Neurochem. 75, 1219-1233] and produces H(2)O(2) by catalyzing the reduction of Cu(II)(More)
alpha-Synuclein is a major component of intracytoplasmic inclusions including Lewy bodies (LB), Lewy neurites (LN) and glial cytoplasmic inclusions, and plays a key role in neurodegenerative processes in Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathies. Although the molecular mechanisms of the disease process still remain to be elucidated, recent(More)
The effects of N-methylmercaptoimidazole, an alternative substrate for flavin-containing monooxygenase, on the disposition of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its metabolites, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,3-dihydropyridine (MPDP+) and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridine (MPP+) in plasma and in brain tissues were studied in mice. Pretreatment of mice(More)
The quantification of urinary oxidized tyrosines, dityrosine (DiY), nitrotyrosine (NY), bromotyrosine (BrY), and dibromotyrosine (DiBrY), was accomplished by quadruple liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). The sample was partially purified by solid phase extraction, and was then applied to the LC/MS/MS using multiple-reaction monitoring(More)
Myeloperoxidase is an inflammatory enzyme that generates reactive hypochlorous acid in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and chloride ion. However, this enzyme also uses bromide ion or thiocyanate as a substrate to form hypobromous or hypothiocyanous acid, respectively. These species play important roles in host defense against the invasion of(More)
Serotonin, 5-hydroxytryptamine, is a systemic bioactive amine that acts in the gut and brain. As a substrate of myeloperoxidase in vitro, serotonin is oxidized to tryptamine-4,5-dione (TD), which is highly reactive with thiols. In this work, we successively prepared a monoclonal antibody to quinone-modified proteins and found that the antibody(More)
Background. Recent studies suggest that the daily intake of lemon (Citrus limon) has a good effect on health, but this has not been confirmed in humans. In our previous studies, it was observed that people who are conscious of their health performed more lemon intake and exercise. An analysis that took this into account was required. Methodology. For 101(More)
N(ε)-(Hexanoyl)lysine, formed by the reaction of lysine with n-6 lipid hydroperoxide, is a lipid peroxidation marker during the initial stage of oxidative stress. The aim of the present study is to indentify N(ε)-(hexanoyl)lysine-modified proteins in neoplastic transformed gastric mucosal cells by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, and to compare the(More)