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In Parkinson's disease, characteristic pathological features are the cell death of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons and the formation of Lewy bodies composed of oxidized proteins. Mitochondrial dysfunction and aggregation of abnormal proteins have been proposed to cause the pathological changes. However, the relation between these two factors remains to be(More)
The objectives of this study were to estimate the structure of the lipid hydroperoxide-modified lysine residue and to prove the presence of the adducts in vivo. The reaction of lipid hydroperoxide toward the lysine moiety was investigated employing N-benzoyl-glycyl-L-lysine (Bz-Gly-Lys) as a model compound of Lys residues in protein and(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO), secreted by activated neutrophils and macrophages at the site of inflammation, may be implicated in the oxidation of protein/lipoprotein during the development of cardiovascular diseases. Flavonoids have been suggested to act as antioxidative and anti-inflammatory agents in vivo; however, their molecular actions have not yet been(More)
BACKGROUND Cocoa powder is rich in polyphenols such as catechins and procyanidins and has been shown in various models to inhibit LDL oxidation and atherogenesis. OBJECTIVE We examined whether long-term intake of cocoa powder alters plasma lipid profiles in normocholesterolemic and mildly hypercholesterolemic human subjects. DESIGN Twenty-five subjects(More)
Intracellular redox balance may affect nutrient metabolism in skeletal muscle. Astaxanthin, a carotenoid contained in various natural foods, exerts high antioxidative capacity in the skeletal muscles. The present study investigated the effect of astaxanthin on muscle lipid metabolism in exercise. ICR mice (8 weeks old) were divided into four different(More)
The protective activity of rosmarinic acid from Perilla frutescens on liver injury induced by LPS in D-GalN-sensitized mice was examined. We also investigated the effects of antitumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody (anti-TNF), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and aminoguanidine (AG) on this model in order to elucidate the mechanism of rosmarinic acid protection.(More)
New biomarkers for oxidative damage, were used to identify whether hyperglycemia caused oxidative stress in diabetic Akita mice. At 13 weeks of age, the tissues of these mice were obtained, and the levels of N(epsilon)-(hexanonyl)lysine (HEL) and dityrosine (DT) were measured, these being related to lipid peroxide-derived protein covalent modification and(More)
The effects of adding hydrogen peroxide and peroxidase to wheat-flour dough on dityrosine formation and mixing characteristics were investigated. Dityrosine in wheat-flour dough was identified by HPLC with a fluorescence detector and by LC/MS/MS. Formation of dityrosine increased with the addition of hydrogen peroxide, and hydrogen peroxide plus peroxidase,(More)
As a preliminary study, we have found that honey from manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) in New Zealand inhibits myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. In this study, using a chromatographic technique, we isolated two active compounds for MPO-inhibition from manuka honey. One is methyl syringate (MSYR), and the other was identified as a novel glycoside of MSYR,(More)
Tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) is an antioxidative substance which is derived from curcumin by hydrogenation. Curcumin is the main component of turmeric and is responsible for the yellow color of curried foods.First, LDL derived from a normal human volunteer was incubated in the presence of an antioxidant with 10 microM CuSO(4) at 37 degrees C for 2 hours.All(More)