Yoichiro Shiba

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Phospholipase A1 (PLA1) is a hydrolytic enzyme that catalyzes the removal of the acyl group from position 1 of lecithin to form lysolecithin. The PLA1 gene, which had been cloned from Aspergillus oryzae, was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and A. oryzae. Through the modification of the medium composition and the feeding conditions of substrate, the(More)
Carboxypeptidase Y (CPY; EC is the yeast vacuolar protease. To have CPY secreted and to increase its secretion level, we tried to express the prepro-CPY gene under the control of the inducible GAL10 promoter or constitutive ENO1 promoter on a multicopy plasmid. In the strains KK4, PEP4, and A2-1-1A, carrying the CPY expression plasmid, active CPY(More)
We found that CPY production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae KS58-2D/pCY303 was increased by the addition of thiamine into the medium, while the addition of thiamine had no effect on cell growth. It became clear that the positive effect of thiamine was due to transcriptional increase, because the levels of CPYmRNA were increased according to the amount of(More)
Nectrisine, an iminosugar with a heterocyclic nitrogen-containing 5-membered ring, acts as a glycosidase inhibitor. Thelonectria discophora SANK 18292, a fungus, was identified as a nectrisine producer from its microbial library in our screening for nectrisine producing microorganisms. Biosynthesis of nectrisine produced by the fungus was studied using(More)
A fungus, Thelonectria discophora SANK 18292 (JCM 30947), produces nectrisine that has a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic 5-membered ring acting as a glycosidase inhibitor. Our previous study showed the possibility that 4-amino-4-deoxyarabinitol was enzymatically converted to nectrisine but the enzyme was not known. In order to characterize the enzyme,(More)
In the course of studying carboxypeptidase Y (CPY) production, we found that the expression level of the gene, which is under the control of the GAL10 promoter, increased in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gal80 mutant grown in a medium containing ethanol as the sole carbon source. In the cultivation of the gal80 mutant KS58-2D/pCY303 carrying a multicopy(More)
The fungus Thelonectria discophora SANK 18292 produces the iminosugar nectrisine, which has a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic 5-membered ring and acts as a glycosidase inhibitor. In our previous study, an oxidase (designated NecC) that converts 4-amino-4-deoxyarabinitol to nectrisine was purified from T. discophora cultures. However, the genes required for(More)
A method for industrial-scale preparation of carboxypeptidase Y (CPY), which was secreted by Saccharomyces cerevisiae KS58-2D/pCY303 into the culture broth, was developed. Because the purification process consists of a few simple unit operations including only one chromatography step, a higher CPY recovery was achieved than that in the process using(More)
The production level of CPY in Saccharomyces cerevisiae KS58-2D/pCY303 was drastically decreased when thiamine was not added to the culture medium. We isolated and characterized the mutants that could produce CPY even though thiamine was absent from the medium. Using complementation screening in the mutants obtained, we isolated a gene that was involved in(More)
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